7-Water Lotus :
The pink or white flowered Chinese lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) and the yellow-blooming American lotus (Nelumbo pentapetula) are aquatic plants prized as specimens in water gardens. Their underground stem is edible and the dried seed heads of the lotus are utilized in floral arrangements. Lotus plants are propagated vegetatively by dividing the underground stem, which ensures the preservation of desirable parent plant characteristics, or by seed.
Harvesting and Selecting Rhizomes
Rhizomes are harvested when the lotus is dormant. During fall, growth of the plant parts above water slows as nutrients are directed to the underground stem. The plant is dormant between the time when the top turns yellow and wilts and the emergence of leaf buds in spring. When harvesting the lotus rhizomes it is important to handle them carefully to prevent damage to the delicate rhizomes and growing tips.
Rhizomes produce shoots most successfully if planted before sprouts begin to emerge. Segments of rhizome for propagation should contain at least two or three eyes, as cutting the fleshy stems so each has only one eye leaves the cut surface vulnerable to infection and decay. Just before dormancy is expected to break, the rhizome is planted at a 15-degree angle in the saturated soil so the that the shoot meristem is just barely below the soil surface.
Lotus seeds are notorious for their ability to remain viable for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. This longevity is attributed in part to a hard shell and seed coat that require mechanical scarification in order to germinate. Seeds are scarified carefully with a knife to break the seed coat without damaging the underlying flesh and soaked in a few inches of warm non-chlorinated water that is changed daily. Once the seeds swell up, sink to the bottom and a shoot begins to emerge, the seed is ready for planting. If a seed fails to swell up, the seed coat may not have been broken through and it is necessary to scratch the seed more deeply with the knife. Germination typically takes one to four weeks.
Sprouted seeds are gently potted about 2 inches deep in individual containers with a diameter of about 4 inches. The potted seeds are placed in water about 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit that is no more than about 2 inches deep. Once five or six leaves are present, the young lotus is ready for transplant into its permanent container or pool location. When transplanting the young lotus, the crown is kept at the same level it was planted at and covered lightly with gravel, if needed, to hold it in place.
Container, Soil and Water Considerations
Round containers with no holes and a diameter of at least 8 to 14 inches are ideal for lotus cultivation. When planted in square containers, the tubers crowd in the corners and can break. Planting the lotus in containers with no holes prevents the potentially undesirable spread of the lotus and makes harvest easier. Lotus plants prefer rich, fertile soil like that which is found on lake or pond bottoms and contains ample organic matter. A suitable soil mixture for lotus cultivation could container equal parts river loam, clay soil and leaf mold, compost or aged manure and fills up about three-fifths of the container when saturated. A lotus will not grow well if the soil has too high a clay or sand content. Ample organic matter provides an extended source of nutrients, adds buoyancy and prevents light penetration. A shallow pond or pool with at least 4 to 8 inches of water above the soil line allows for optimal lotus growth.
The below is courtesy to : theponddigger.com/water-lotus/
The Water Lotus is sure to be the star of any water garden, it occupies. Water lotuses are exotic, majestic and dramatic. They flourish in the sunlight and fill the water garden with vibrant colors and exotic fragrances.
A relative of the water lily, the water lotus will spread across the pond and compete for its attention. More than one lotus plant can look overwhelming in smaller ponds, so pond owners must choose the correct variety for the area they have available.
General Information on Lotuses
There are two different species of lotus: Nelumbo lutea are the Native American species and Nelumbo nucifera are native to the Orient, the Philippines, north Australia, Egypt, and the Volga River delta at the Caspian Sea.
Like any aquatic plant, there are many different varieties. They come in a wide range of sizes, varying in height from 18 to 60 inches. The smaller lotus varieties can reach 8 to 12 inches tall with leaves 2 to 3 inches in diameter. These so-called “dwarf lotus” varieties can grow wonderful flowers up to 1 foot wide, resting atop stems that reach 6 feet above the water surface. Others grow 6 to 8 feet tall with leaves 18 to 36 inches in diameter.
Miniature lotus leaves can unfold 6 to 16 inches tall on stems 2 to 4 feet long. The larger ones may even grow 2 feet wide and 6 feet tall.
The pointed lotus bud emerges from the water garden on a stem 2 to 6 feet tall, unfolding its full, fragrant flower above its exotic foliage. Their beautiful flowers can grow up to a foot wide and come in a variety of colors – white, pink, red, yellow or cream.
Though they look tropical, these aquatic plants are actually perennials. Lotuses love – and need – the sun and heat in order to reach their fullest potential. Though they certainly are able to bloom in partially shaded situations, the water temperature must be warm enough for them – between 75 and 87 degrees. The lotus will meet its enemy, however, in humidity. This aquatic plant will not fare well in humid conditions.
Water Lotuses thrive in warm climates, requiring at least 5 to 6 hours of sun a day. They will grow with less, but they will not bloom as well, and their foliage may be stunted. Cloudy, cool areas such as the Pacific Northwest do not provide a hospitable environment for these sun-worshipping aquatics. Because of their large leaves, lotuses are so-called heavy feeders, therefore requiring so much of the sun’s attention. In order to truly thrive, they need full, day-long sunlight.
Planting and Maintenance
Many people find the lotus an intimidating aquatic plant to handle. They are, however, quite simple to grow – almost as easy as water lilies, though they do require more care and patience.
General Videos :
The banana-shaped roots of the lotus are called tubers – and they’re very fragile. Handle them with extreme care so as not to break off the eye, or the pointed tip of the tuber from where the leaves will eventually grow. It is important to know the lotus will not grow properly if the eye is damaged in any way.
Warmth is essential to growing the lotus from the very beginning. Keeping the tuber too cold may cause it to rot before it takes root, so take care to keep it warm. It helps to keep the tuber floating in
pond water for two weeks (a little less is okay) in a warm, sunny place before planting it.
Once the lotus tuber is ready for planting, you must choose a location. It should be planted in a sunny spot, away from flowing water, and in a space that is proportional to the size and number of lotus to be grown. Larger lotus varieties need large areas in pond or water gardens, while smaller lotus varieties will thrive in smaller areas.
Next, choose a pot. Because lotuses grow to the size of the area in which they are planted, containers will prevent them from sprawling out of control and taking over, as would happen if they were planted loose in any pond or water garden. On that note, choose the size of the container carefully, as they will size themselves to their container. Use the deepest pot possible to decrease the chances that they will jump over the side and grow further out into the pond than intended. Furthermore, because of their fragility, it is best to plant them in large, round containers with plenty of room so they don’t get wedged or jammed in any corners, in turn stunting their grown or worse – killing them. Use the largest, roundest container that will fit in the desired space.
Standard-size lotus grow well in containers that are 3 to 4 feet in diameter, while smaller or dwarf-size lotuses can be planted in smaller, bushel-size vessels. Again, though, the largest and deepest possible pot is preferred.
Fill the chosen pot with soil, leaving 3 to 4 inches remaining at the top. The best possible soil is amended soil, or soil with material added to it to improve its physical properties. This soil creates a better environment for the roots to grow. Then cover the soil with 2 to 3 inches of sand and slowly fill the container with water.
Now it’s time to plant the tuber. Set the tuber on the surface of the filled pot – embed it slightly in the sand, then weigh it down with stones. This will prevent the tuber from floating out of the dirt until the roots have developed. Burying the tuber in the sand and soil can cause the tuber to rot, so take care to only embed it only slightly.
After this, the lotus will basically plant itself, turning downward into soil mixture and then growing as it should. Just be sure to keep the aquatic plant in a sunny area. The plants will grow quicker if they are kept in heated water. Leaves will begin to come up once the tuber has taken root. The warmer the room the tubers begin in, the quicker they are likely to appear.
Once the container is filled with the sand and soil and the tuber is secured in place, you can lower it into the water garden or pond. The container should be 6 to 12 inches below the water’s surface – anything less than that could cause the plant to tip or bend over as it grows taller.
Lotuses are slow-growing aquatic plants at first. The new leaves, or young leaves, will start out by floating on the surface. This usually takes place 2 to 3 weeks after being planted in mid-spring. At this point, you can start feeding the plants fertilizer tablets designed for water gardens, if you desire. These floating leaves will look like giant lily pads, and will be followed by curled-up aerial leaves. The sturdy leafstalks will soon follow that. These leafstalks will lift the foliage above the water, several inches to several feet above the water’s surface.
Lotuses do not bloom as early in the season as do their relatives, the water lily. They need 3 to 4 weeks of temperatures above 80 degrees to begin blooming. They often do not produce their first blossoms until their second summer, after they have been transplanted. It is in this second year that they begin to bear more flowers. It is possible, however, to bloom their first season with several weeks of sun and temperatures holding consistently in the 80s.
In most parts of North America, they will begin to bloom in mid-June to mid-July and will continue to bloom on into autumn.
Lotuses are day-blooming plants, opening early in the morning and closing by mid-afternoon. They completely close up at night. This bloom pattern continues throughout their lifespan, which is typically 3 to 5 days. On the third day, the petals begin to fall, leaving behind their seedpod. This seedpod is what allows more lotuses to keep growing. It is yellow at the time the flower first opens, though it eventually turns green. It expands in size once the petals have fallen until it is nearly twice its original size in diameter. Eventually, after about 6 weeks it turns brown. Once matured, it heads back to the water where it makes more lotuses and begins the cycle again.
Throughout the season, the yellowed and yellowing foliage should be removed. All dead leaves found an inch above water should be removed, as well. They should be fertilized every 2 to 3 weeks throughout the growing season and should be heavily fertilized throughout the spring. As soon as flowers begin to show, the fertilizing should continue, but at a lower rate. Every 2 to 3 years, pond owners should completely rework the pot they grown their lotus in – emptying it out, clearing out the dead tubers, and adding new soil to start fresh.
Once the weather begins to turn cooler and winter approaches, special care must be given to lotuses to ensure they will return the following spring. In the fall, carefully cut away all of the foliage off this splendid aquatic plant, as the lotus begins slowing down for the winter. In colder climates, lower the pan deep to the bottom of the pond to be left there over winter. This will allow it to keep over winter nicely, so long as the pond doesn’t freeze to the bottom. In warmer climates, however, the lotus can be kept in the water garden throughout this colder season. Either way, the goal is to keep the lotus cool and dormant without freezing it. Come springtime in those colder climates, once the new leaves begin to emerge, move the container up to its proper, shallower depth of the water.
Lotus, Water Garden Lotuses, Pond Lotus, Garden, Nelumbo
Growing Lotus, Pink Lips Large Lotus in Pond Video
Lotus for Your Koi Pond
Author: Larry Nau / July 2007
Pond plants can be challenging to keep with koi, but lotus are attractive plants that will compliment your koi pond perfectly—without ending up on the fish’s menu!
A koi pond represents one of the many pinnacles of the aquarium hobby. Koi are massive fish complete with spectacular colors and outstanding personalities. What hobbyist would not want a 10,000 gallon pond in their backyard filled with these magnificent fish? However, with their size—commonly over 30 inches—comes a voracious appetite. Koi are always searching for food whether it is supplied by you or found naturally in a pond.
Usually pond plants are a challenge to keep with koi, as they top these ever-hungry fish’s menu. Soft submerged plants, such as anacharis, are eagerly consumed. Floating plants such as water hyacinth have their roots torn off and are seen bobbing like a beach ball across the water’s surface. Waterlilies are also not spared. Commonly koi will consume the floating leaves, but other times they will eat the flower itself. A pot filled with soil provides a spot to forage in the mud to search for food or just to pass the time of day. The end result is a floating waterlily and extremely muddy, murky water!
So is there a plant that may be kept with koi? I would like to suggest the answer is yes, and that plant is the lotus.
Lotus and Koi
First, lotus are viewed as Asian plants (although there is a North American species as well), and since koi are Japanese fish, the two compliment each other well in a pondscape with an Asian theme. Second, lotus are grown in shallow water; it is best to only have an inch or two of water covering the top of the pot. With so little water, koi can not get in to dig in the pot.
Next, lotus stems are covered with short, rigid spines. These provide a good form of defense against a hungry koi. Lotus grow up and out of the water after the first few surface leaves. Aerial leaves and flowers may held as high as six feet above the water’s surface, well away from the menacing koi. The lotus leaves also can provide beneficial shade for koi. Finally, lotus may also be grown in a container next to pond, safely away from the koi yet providing a flash of green to soften the pondscape.
Beauty and Variety
Lotus varieties number over 800 around the world, but only about 30 cultivars are commonly found in the United States. Lotus may be small, growing only 2 feet high, but there’s a large variety that grows up to 6 feet high with flowers that are up to 12 inches across!
Flowers may be single or double in relation to overall petal count. The spectrum of flower colors range from yellow to white, and from red to pink. Lotus leaves are fascinating, as they are covered with micro hairs. This causes water droplets to bead up on the leaf’s surface like mercury. The morning dew or a light summer’s rain is delight to watch as it rolls on a lotus leaf. Finally, at the end of the flower’s life, it forms a lotus seed pod. These pods are prized by florists in their flower bouquets.
Lotus are frequently purchased as established, potted plants from most water garden retailers. Once home, a bit of gravel on the pot’s surface and the lotus is ready to rest in the water. Keep it shallow, as mentioned earlier, as lotus love warm water and a maximum exposure to the sun’s light.
Often it is necessary to purchase a lotus tuber for easy transport or to acquire a specific variety. It is best to plant this tuber in a pot that is approximately 23 inches across and only 10 inches deep. The will give the plant plenty of room to grow for several seasons.
Fill the pot halfway with a mix of commercial aquatic potting soil and topsoil. Lay the tuber in so the cut end is against the wall. The growing tip on the opposite end should be in the center and slightly angled to the surface. Carefully fill the rest of the pot with the soil mix and press down the soil to eliminate air pockets. Be very careful with the growing tip of the lotus tuber; if this tip is damaged or snapped off it could kill the tuber.
Fill the pot with water and leave out in a sunny warm spot for several weeks. Once new growth is present on your lotus, use up to three pellets of aquatic fertilizer every two to three weeks in the pot. Fertilizing your lotus is essential for maximum growth and flower production. Here in the Northeast, we usually fertilize regularly from May until the end of August.
Established lotus require minimum care. Remove dead leaves only after they are totally brown. Cutting a green leaf below the water line may result in water flowing down the stem into the tuber and killing your plant.
The most common pest is the aphid. These sap-sucking insects are most common during the heat of the summer. It is best just to rinse them off with your garden hose and let your fish feast on them. There are several organic aphid sprays available that are totally safe and effective.
Once the cold temperatures have killed off the leaves for the season and the stems are brown, cut back this dead growth. Drop your lotus to a depth of at least 2 feet for its winter dormancy. If a lotus tuber freezes, it will die.
A Lotus for Every Taste
Selecting lotus for your koi pond is always a challenge, as they are all so beautiful. If you are looking for a small variety I would suggest Nelumbo sp. “Momo Boton.” N. sp. Momo Boton grows to about 2 feet tall and has a double, rich rosy pink flower. For larger lotus, N. “The President” is a single dark red with flowers up to 12 inches across. Another excellent choice is N. sp. “Mrs. Perry D. Slocum,” which is a large double flower and is changeable. On the first day the flower opens yellow, and by the third day the blossom has transformed to a creamy pink flower with 86 petals!
More lotus are entering the market every year. Professor Guozhen Huang, from the People’s Republic of China, has introduced a number of spectacular lotus in recent years. A personal favorite is N. sp.“Laoshan Redsun,” which is a medium-growing, double, red lotus.
Lotus are an excellent selection for introducing lush green foliage crowned with spectacular flowers to your koi pond. They add a sense of awe and enchantment to your pondscape. Try some this season—and have plenty of pelleted food on hand for your swarming, frustrated koi!
Other websites :
courtesy to : homeguides.sfgate.com/lotus-propagation-35132.html
Water Lotus Planting Instructions
courtesy to : homeguides.sfgate.com/water-lotus-planting-instructions
Some people may think lotus and waterlilies are the same, but they are two distinct water plants. Waterlilies (Nymphaea spp.) have leaves and flowers that float on the surface of the water and long roots under the water. The leaves of lotus plants are at the top of tall, sturdy stalks held high above the muddy soil they grow in. Both plants have large cup-shaped blossoms. The two lotus species, the native American lotus (Nelumbo lutea) and the Asian lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), have similar needs. Water lotus is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, and has an aggressive growth habit, although it hasn’t been classified as invasive.
Planting Lotus Seeds
Spent lotus flower heads form unusual, attractive seed cones filled with large brown seeds with hard seed coats. Collect the seeds when the cones have dried, but don't wait too long or the wind will shake the seeds out of the cones. File the hard seeds slightly to expose the white inside, but don't damage the seed or it won't be able to sprout.
Another way to deal with the hard seed coat for better germination is by soaking the seeds in warm water for a couple of days, then removing the outer seed coat. You'll see the white seed and possibly the beginnings of the sprout. Plant the seeds in containers or in the muddy water along your pond by pushing them into the wet soil about 1 inch and patting the soil down firmly.
Lotus has been grown in bowls and pots since ancient times. Even the tallest lotus grows well in a large container as long as it has the right soil -- rich soil mixed well with peat and kept moist to wet. Plant the tuber or seedling at least 1 inch deep in wet soil in a sunny spot and watch the beautiful gray-green foliage sprout and leaf out. The smallest types of lotus grow less than 24 inches tall and grow well as houseplants in small containers with the right conditions, including evenly moist soil that never dries out, moisture in the environment with daily misting and at least 12 hours daily of bright light.
Lotus plants add an exotic flair to ponds and water features. They will quickly take over a location if left unchecked, so planting them in containers is a good idea. Use a 20-inch pot for large lotus varieties and a 12-inch pot for medium lotus varieties. Put a few heavy rocks at the bottom of pots to anchor them and add wet soil, then push seeds, tubers or seedlings at least 1 inch into the soil before submersing the pot at the pond's edge. Dig a hole in the wet soil to sink the pot into or submerge the pot in water to the rim.
In the Landscape
Lotuses grow well in boggy or marshy areas without much attention. If you have a section of property that is consistently wet, muddy or flooded, pushing a few lotus tubers into the soil 1 inch deep will soon populate the area it with elegant plants. If you want just one lotus, or perhaps a border of lotus but don’t want a whole field of it, dig out a shallow 2- to 3-foot-deep area and line it with a plastic or rubber pond liner. Put a layer of gravel on the bottom of the liner and fill it with wet soil. Plant seeds, tubers or seedlings at least 1 inch deep and 1 foot apart in the wet soil and anchor the liner with decorative rocks or stones.
Other websites about Probagation :
How to Score and Grow Water Lotus Seeds
Lotus Planting Video, Know everything you need to successfully grow a lotus!
Water lotus growing from seeds
How to fertilize water lotus plants
Starting Water Lotus from Seed
The Lotus Garden
How to plant a lotus
How to grow/propagate Lotus from root and view its plantation.
How To Grow A Lotus Flower For Beginners
Where to Grow Lotus Plants from Seeds ?
How to grow lotus plant from seeds(విత్తనాలు నుండి లోటస్ మొక్క పెరగటం ఎలా. )
32.Easiest way of growing lotus at home.
Difference Between Lily and Lotus
How to grow a Lotus
Pond Plants guide
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Pond Plants guide
Ponds Plants Types: