Tropiocolotes is a genus of geckos that grow to about 2 in (5.1 cm) in length and are endemic to Northern Africa. They are commonly known as dwarf geckos, pygmy geckos, or sand geckos. They have an elongated body and their heads are oval and of equal or lesser width than their body.
Scientific classification :
W. Peters, 1880
Species & subspecies :
The following species and subspecies are recognized as being valid.
Tropiocolotes algericus Loveridge, 1947
Tropiocolotes bisharicus S. Baha El Din, 2001
Tropiocolotes nattereri Steindachner, 1901
Tropiocolotes naybandensis Krause et al., 2013
Tropiocolotes nubicus S. Baha El Din, 1999
Tropiocolotes scortecci Cherchi & Spanò, 1963 – Scortecci's sand gecko
Tropiocolotes somalicus Parker, 1942
Tropiocolotes steudneri (W. Peters, 1869) – Algerian sand gecko
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus W. Peters, 1880 – northern sand gecko
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus apoklomax Pappenfuss, 1969
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus occidentalis Parker, 1942
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus tripolitanus W. Peters, 1880
Tropiocolotes wolfgangboehmei Wilms, Shobrak & Wagner, 2010
Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Tropiocolotes.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
The Genus Tropiocolotes
click here : www.dwarfgeckos.com/tropiocolotes/tropiocolotes.php
Other & recommended websites :
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus Diashow
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus (Zwergwüstengecko) ...unter Beobachtung
Keeping Genus Tropiocolotes :
1- Tropiocolotes :
My introduction to Tropiocolotes tripolitanus ssp. was actually while unpacking snakes from Egypt. As soon as I saw the tiny' geckos come out of the bag, I just knew I had to have them. From that point on, I have become addicted to this species and genus, and have increased my groups up to 60!
Aptly named Micro Geckos, Tropiocolotes t. tripolitanus is a small (1-2'') gecko found in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, and Sudan. My colonies are all from Egypt. But don't let their small size fool you, these geckos are very active, social geckos, and make fantastic vivarium subjects. Coming from Northern Africa, these guys like it hot and fairly dry. They are often found among rocky areas in the wild, often seeking shelter within rock crevices or under rocks (much like Coleonyx in the South-Western US). In the wild they feed on spiders, beetles, and other small invertebrates.
Tropiocolotes in general are very easy to care for. Groups of 5-10 can be happily kept in a 10-15 gallon aquarium. A layer of sand works well for substrate, however I mix it with either Crushed stone dust or decomposed granite, as it helps holds burrows. Decoration can be as simple or as elaborate as you want. Some of my tanks are just sand and a couple large, flat rocks; while others have faux rock, live plants, branches, etc. Being from the desert, these guys like it hot! I use a 50W halogen and aim for a temperature range of 110F for the basking, and 80F for the cool side. I spray tanks every morning and allow it to dry out through out the day, this gives them all the water they need. Adult Tropiocolotes eat bean weevils, upto 1/4'' crickets, fruitflies, small spiders, and young mealworms.
Breeding Tropiocolotes is incredibly simple. No cooling is required, however they will stop laying for part of the year, generally laying 6-8 clutches of 1-2 eggs for me. Males will usually call at night, giving out a loud squeek. Gravid females are very easy to spot, as the eggs are relatively huge for the animal. I often wonder how the female is even able to carry such large eggs.
Overall, Tropiocolotes tripolitanus (as well as all Tropicolotes) are amazing geckos, exhibit a lot of social and independent behaviour, and are a joy to keep! These are definitely something every serious gecko enthusiast should have.
Jeremy Kosonic - Herp Canada
All photos by the author
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus tripolitanus (PETERS 1880)
Tropiocolotes tripolitanus tripolitanus (PETERS 1880)
2- Keeping Genus Tropiocolotes
courtesy to : www.geckotime.com/keeping-genus-tropiocolotes/
The term ‘micro gecko’ can refer to members of the genus Tropiocolotes. The two species that I keep are Tropiocolotes tripolitanus and T. steudneri. These are a couple of the most common species of micro geckos available in the industry. Many are imported as wild caught adults, however small numbers of captive bred young are produced each year.
I first discovered these geckos while trawling online, and although they appealed to me, they were difficult to find. A few years later my partner found some from an import and bought them as a surprise for my birthday, knowing that anything small and gecko-esque would go down a treat. Now, a few years later, I have gone from the original group of 7 micro geckos to 14. As you may be able to tell from the population boom, these are definitely one of my favourite species.
The geckos themselves are miniscule, with a body length of a couple of inches including tail. Species can often be distinguished by their body and tail patterns, and different head structures although they are mis-identified by importers and mis-labelled by shops – T. tripolitanus have a speckled sandy brown body with a comparatively long tail with a white tip, compared to T. steudneri which in general appear to have a stockier body and shorter tail with larger spots covering their body. Although small in size these geckos have quite a large character (and appetite!). Despite the vast majority of adults being wild caught, they can be quite calm and confident animals, feeding in plain sight and running over when the tank doors open. Some individuals will tolerate small amounts of handling (although they are prone to taking random leaps of faith off surfaces), I have found that the stockier T. steudneri are calmer and less flighty.
T. steudneri (Left); T. tripolitanus (Right)
Obtaining Micros :
These are often imported in large numbers and species mis-labelled. Although I’ve found that the husbandry is the same for these two micro gecko species, it is always best to know which species you’re getting yourself into.
Most you will find are wild caught and often in poor condition. I have found these to be remarkably hardy animals which recover well. If getting wild caught animals, they will probably require rehydration, feeding up and privacy. Females will often be gravid (some heavily). While I would not recommend opting for heavily gravid females due to the stress of moving, you may need to prepare for eggs regardless if you are buying females. Most will have been mated and eggs should be expected within several weeks.
While these geckos are tiny, they are incredibly active and are one of the few species that I believe do much better in large groups. For this reason, and the fact that they enjoy hot temperatures, a large terrarium should be provided with both height and floor space. Personally I have found glass terrariums to work well with this species, heating through a mesh lid which allows the heat to escape, this keeps the floor of the terrarium cool and the upper levels hotter. Both species are big lovers of heat; the hottest spot I provide in the tank is in the neighborhood of 45c. I have kept this species with simply a heat mat, and I often see this method recommended as a sole heat source. Although a heat mat appears sufficient in keeping the geckos alive and breeding, there is a huge difference in my geckos from when they were kept on a heat mat to now that they are kept with overhead heating – they are now much chunkier, more active and have larger calcium sacs (which I have put down to an increased appetite). This in turn has resulted in them laying much healthier and better calcified eggs. As I strive to recreate their natural environment within their enclosure, I also provide a good source of UVB – although this is not considered necessary.
From experience I have found that they benefit from regular misting. I mist all my ‘desert’ species to replicate the dew in the morning and I have seen the geckos actively licking the droplets off the rocks in their enclosure.
As I’ve mentioned previously, these guys are massive eaters and seem to have a very fast metabolism for reptiles. I feed them little and often, mostly on fruit flies and small crickets – although they won’t bat an eyelid at prey bigger than their head, I tend to feed slightly smaller prey which get dusted with vitamin powder every few feeds. These are ones to watch hunting!
If you sit and watch these geckos, you will see a lot of interesting body language – a lot of this is through their posture and their tails. An upright, straight legged posture appears to relate to dominance – this cannot be avoided when housing animals in groups, as there will always be dominant and submissive individuals. Submissive animals tend to move slowly with their bodies quite low to the ground. That is until you put food in the tank, then hierarchy seems to go out the window! Tail movements are frequently seen by both sexes, and appear to occur when an animal is nervous (either from my presence or a dominant animal). The waving tail is often followed by a quick dash for cover. I believe this expressive body language is why there appears to be no physical aggression among group members.
Breeding & Hatchling Care
Another great little quirk of Tropiocolotes is that multiple males kept together actually seem to benefit the group. The presence of other males within the group encourages successful mating. When I had one male to several females there was little to no egg laying from the females – now with three males the number of viable eggs has increased dramatically and I now have an incubator full! You can often hear the males calling at night (either to attract the ladies or mark their territory), but I have never seen any evidence of physical fighting and neither have the other keepers I have talked to.
Females lay one egg every few weeks, with no cycling required. The single egg is quite large for the size of the gecko and can quite easily be seen through the belly of the female prior to laying. Females lay in the sand which can either be kept dry or slightly damp. I tend to remove these eggs as other females have a tendency to dig them up when laying their own. The eggs are incubated at around 28c and hatch after a few months. I’m not aware of whether this species is temperature-dependent.
I currently keep both species in the same enclosure and from my observations I do not believe these two species can hybridise. I only have male T. steudneri and in the time of the two species cohabiting none of the T. tripolitanus females have laid.
I’ve found the best way to raise the babies are to keep them with the parents with exactly the same care. From my experience, raising hatchlings on heat mats and away from their own kind results in weak babies who often do not survive.
Nocturnal or Diurnal?
These are quite a strange species, as I have found them to be constantly active and hunting. From what I’ve seen I couldn’t definitively say they were one or the other. They do seem to make good use of a basking site, though!
Geckos Species :
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Geckos Species :
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