9- Timor Monitor :
Varanus timorensis, the Timor monitor or spotted tree monitor, is a species of small monitor lizards native to the islands of West and East Timor.
The Timor monitor is a dwarf species of monitor lizard belonging to the Odatria complex. Generally, it is dark greenish-gray to almost black in background color, with bright gold-yellow or sometimes bluish spotting along its dorsal surface and a lighter straw-yellow color on its ventral side. It has a pointed snout, excellent eyesight and hearing, sharp teeth, and a prehensile tail that measures two-thirds of its total length. V. timorensis also has long, sharp claws well-suited for climbing and defense. The species grows to a maximum of 61 cm, and weighs between 100 and 350 g.
Timor monitors are arboreal, diurnal lizards. Their diets consist of a variety of invertebrates, plus other lizards, such as geckos. Breeding takes place from December to March, and clutches of up to 11 eggs are laid; the eggs incubate three to four months, depending on the average temperature. Hatchlings are about 5 in long, but grow quickly.
The Timor monitor is found in Indonesia, specifically the islands of Timor, Savu, and Rote, and in East Timor.
In captivity :
Frequently bred in captivity, this monitor is also still imported in small numbers for the exotic pet trade. Wild-caught specimens can be nervous and difficult to handle, but captive-raised animals are much less shy. Its small size makes it an attractive choice for any varanid enthusiast, as they are easily housed in a vivarium oriented towards vertical climbing space (30-55 gallon, never less), ample hiding spots, a basking area between 90 and 95 °F, with ambient temperatures between 75 and 90 °F. A medium-sized bowl of water is recommended for the occasional soak, or the cage can be misted once every few days to maintain humidity between 40 and 60%. They readily feed on a diet of commercially available crickets, roaches, mealworms, and occasionally mice.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
Large Timor Monitor
Care articles :
- Timor Monitor :
Common Name: Kisar Island Timor Monitor
Latin Name: Varanus Timorensis
Native To: Indonesian Timor Islands.
Pronunciation: Va-ra-nus Te-mor-en-sis
Adult Female Size: 18-24 Inches
Adult Male Size: 18-24 Inches
Life Span: 15 Years.
Suitable For: Intermediate Keepers
These are an active lizard that spend most of their time in the trees and mangroves. Kisar Island Timor Monitors tend to be shy as juveniles but normally calm down once settled in their enclosure. Due to their nature a tall enclosure will be required. A large water bowl is required as these lizards like to soak in the bowl.
With all the different enclosures available on the market today choosing an enclosure could become quite confusing. We would recommend a simple wooden vivarium with glass sliding front doors. Fitted with a heating system and lighting system as mentioned below they just seem to make the perfect habitat for a pet reptile. They look nice and can be ordered in a colour to match your household furniture. They hold the heat well, are easy to clean and durable. We would not recommend one of the many different glass enclosures on the market today as they are very expensive compared to the wooden equivalent and they do not hold the heat nearly as well. For a fully grown Kisar Island Timor Monitor you should have an enclosure minimum of 3ft x 3ft x 2ft, when these lizards are young they can be kept in a smaller enclosure but they will need upgrading as they grow.
Kisar Island Timor Monitors should be maintained at 85 degrees with a basking spot of 120 degrees. You should create a heat gradient by putting your heat source only at one end of the enclosure, this will create a "hot" end and a "cool" end of the enclosure as this will give your animal a choice of temperatures in the enclosure so that he always feels comfortable. We always feel that the safest way is to use a thermostatically controlled heating system. The are many systems on the market today that are perfect for the job in hand. An overhead ceramic element or reptile radiator connected to a temp stat or a pulse stat is one way, or a coloured spot bulb connected to a dimming thermostat is equally as good. Both these systems will provide a very controllable heat source. There are other heaters out on the market such as AHS all in one heaters/thermostat that will also do a great job of heating the enclosure.
These lizards should have humidity levels of 70-90%. This can be maintained by misting the enclosure twice daily, devices such as waterfalls and foggers can also be used in the enclosure to help maintain the adequate humidity levels required. They also require a reasonable sized water dish to allow them to soak and swim in the water, this will also help to increase the humidity levels in the enclosure.
As these Monitors need humidity suitable substrates are Orchid Bark, Kritters Krumble etc.
There are lots of furnishings suitable for these lizards on the market today. Make sure your enclosure has lots of bark, branches and plants to allow your lizard to climb and hide as he pleases. A reasonable sized water bowl should be provided also. Other decorations are available to make the enclosure look nice.
Selecting a Healthy animal: When selecting your new animal its important to check that the animal is in good health and is kept in a clean and adaquate enclosure. Looking around the shop will give you a good idea of how the animals are kept.. If the shop is kept clean and maintained well, the staff are friendly and helpful and the enclosures are kept clean with bright, alert animals you can be sure the animals are healthy.. The staff should be happy to show you the dragon and talk you through the up keep and answer any questions you may have.
These lizards can be very skittish and nervous when they are young but they normally calm down once they have settled in their enclosure and are accustomed to their surroundings. With regular handling these can become very tame lizards.
These lizards will shed their skin throughout their lives. You will notice that the colours of your Monitor will dull at the start of the shedding process and the skin will start to peel away in pieces. Humidity in the enclosure can be increased prior and during this period to aid this process and you will notice your lizard bathing more frequently.
Handling is recommended with these lizards, especially when they are young as this can help to tame them down. 10-15 minute handling periods are adequate and with patience and perseverance these lizards can become very tame.
These lizards will eat Crickets, Locusts, Mealworms and Waxworms.They will also eat frozen mice of different sizes depending on the size of the lizard a couple of times a week. All insects should be lightly dusted with calcium supplement every other feed. Juveniles should be fed daily and adults should be fed every other day.
A reasonable sized water bowl should be provided and fresh water should be given daily.
The enclosure should be spot cleaned every day. Simply pick up any unwanted debris or feaces this will help prevent any bacteria build up in the enclosure. Every 4 - 6 weeks we would recommend that the enclosure is completely stripped out. Once you have removed your animal to a safe alternative warm temporary home, remove all furnishings and substrate, disinfect the enclosure totally making sure you get into all the corners. Disinfect all furnishing and rinse, replace substrate with new and then replace everything back into the enclosure and heat back to correct temperature before replacing your animal.
Sexing Timor Monitors is a difficult task. The only sure way to sex them is to try and watch them whilst they are defecating and if your monitor is a male, his hemipenis will come out of the vent and then be pulled back in once finished.
Females will lay an average of 4-10 soft white eggs when they have been copulated by a male. These eggs should be removed from her enclosure and placed in an artificial incubator with vermiculite as a substrate. Eggs will take between 118 and 125 days to hatch.
- Varanus Timoriensis
Written By: Howard Stinson
Species: Varanus Timoriensis
Origin: This animal originates from Indonesia and parts of New Guinea.
Size And Longevity:
The monitor lizard ranges as some of the worlds largest, strongest, and most intelligent lizards, they belong to the varanidae family and all have a very high metabolic rate too be a reptile, they also have long necks, very strong muscular bodies, and heavy claws designed for digging and ripping, very sharp teeth and powerful jaws, they range in size with the Short Tailed monitor being the smallest only reaching around 25 cm. in length and the Komodo Dragon that grows to around 6.8 to 9.6 feet in length and weighing as much as 150 to 168 pounds and sometimes much bigger, I do not recommend monitor lizards for children, I think these animals should be bought by the more experienced lizard handler, these animals have forked tongues too track down their prey and they can cover a large distance in their daily hunt, they can also deliver quiet a wallop with their tail, the monitor lizard has a strong muscular tail that does not detach like the tail of iguannids do.
Now that we have covered the above lets get into the good things about monitor lizards, first off if you are one of those people who have a thing about prehistoric dinosaurs then you are going to love a monitor lizard as just the ownership of such an animal is the closest you will ever come to owning a living breathing dinosaur, I know this for a fact because I have owned 2 of them personally and in my "personal experience" I have owned dogs that bit me and cats that have scratched me but after all the years I have handled monitors I have never been bit, I owned 2 different savannah monitors who had their own room "and new where too find it" they were also potty trained and used a cat litter box, to this day I have never owned another pet "for me" that could rise above as a better pet than a monitor lizard "for me", I truly love these animals, the monitor lizards are old world lizards, they are the oldest known living lizards on earth, they have roamed the earth for over 45 million years.
The Timor Monitor is a medium size lizard, but compared too most monitor lizards this species is a good starter monitor only reaching a size of 2 to 2 in a half feet in length, and are very active, these animals are exceptionally beautiful and if bought as babies or juveniles these animals can become fairly tame, they also are use too traveling large distances in the wild as they hunt for prey so they need to be allowed the room too exercise so it's a good idea too purchase a harness too walk your' pet with, these animals have a life span of 10 to 12 years in captivity and are very beautiful colored animals, they are usually brown to blackish with beautiful gold yellow spots, they have very strong limbs and a slender body with a pointed head it's truly a magnificent animal too own and to be a monitor it does not require as much space as many monitor species do, and since these are babies you have plenty of time to tame them.
Habitat And Caging Requirements:
This species is usually quiet easy to keep but they do require a large amount of space to keep and seem to do well at a temperature of around 85 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, baby animals can be kept in a 15 or 20 gallon tank or vivarium but will grow quickly and full grown will need a setup at least 4 feet long by 2 feet wide, by 2 feet high, in the wild this species is arboreal meaning they like too climb, you can keep one of these animals full grown in a 60 gallon tank or vivarium setup as long as you allow them too exercise, I always use too walk mine daily with a harness.
You can decorate the tank with wood, live plant's, sand substrate and rock's, this species seems to do best in a tropical like aquarium or vivarium type setup with a basking area and some moss, chola wood for hiding places, and a water dish large enough too climb into, and keep the water clean by changing it every other day, also keep a water spray bottle handy to mist down the setup every 2 to 3 days and this will also help with your' pet's shedding, they also enjoy a basking area, you also need a UV light to set up a basking area for your' animal, they also enjoy cypress mulch for a substrate as it seems too hold moisture, cypress mulch is a great substrate for this species.
Temperature And Lighting Requirements:
You want to use low wattage bulbs' for best results' to avoid over heating of your' pet as over heating could cause your' pet to dehydrate, these animals' seem to fair well at temperatures of (85 to 90 degrees F.), you also need a UV light set up for a basking area so the animal can move to and from heat as needed.
Sexing Your' Animal: The male is larger then the female and will have 2 bumps under the base of the tail at the vent.
Feeding And Nutrition:
For feeding your' pet it is no problem as they are veracious feeders' and will readily eat crickets', meal worms, super worms, fruit flies, and wax worms, as they grow they will also eat mice, fish, rats, crayfish, and some canned dog food and cat food should be offered.
Handling And Care:
"Alright for the care and handling of your pet", I personally have found that the trick too taming a monitor lizard is by knowing them, for instance knowing when they are in a bad mood, when a monitor does not want to be bothered it will turn side ways and draw back it's tail, it will also make a loud hissing noise and swell it's neck up, these are very important keys too know if you plan on taming one of these animals, the next things too know is that if you plan on taming one you should buy them as babies or juveniles, the more they are handled when they are small is the tamer your' animal will be after it grows up.
Other Websites :
Timor Monitor Care
Come inside come inside (Timor Monitor care and a Few of my inside pets)
Blue Spot Timor Monitor
Timor Monitor introduction and enclosure
Large Timor Monitor
timor monitor care video
Timor Monitor Care Video
Timor Monitor Care Video
Timor Monitor Handling
Hand feeding Timor monitor
The joys of feeding a timor monitor
Reptile Expo Pickup - TIMOR MONITOR!!!
Timor Monitor update 3/19/2015
Timor Monitor exploring enclosure
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