From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epicrates cenchria is a boa species endemic to Central and South America. Common names include the rainbow boa, and slender boa. A terrestrial species, it is known for its attractive iridescent sheen caused by structural coloration. Nine subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominatesubspecies described here.
Conservation status :
Scientific classification :
Binomial name :
Boa cenchria Linnaeus, 1754
[Boa] Cenchria Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber tamachia Scopoli, 1788
Boa Cenchris — Gmelin, 1788
Boa aboma Daudin, 1803
Boa ternatea Daudin, 1803
Boa annulifer Daudin, 1803
[Epicrates] cenchria— Wagler, 1830
Cliftia fusca Gray, 1849
Epicarsius cupreusJ.G. Fischer, 1856
Epicarsius cupreus— Brown, 1893
Epicrates cenchris— Boulenger, 1893
Epicrates cenchria — Griffin, 1916
Epicrates cenchria var. fusca— Griffin, 1916
Epicrates cenchria cenchria— Amaral, 1930
Epicrates cenchria cenchria— Stull, 1938
Geographic range :
E. cenchria is found in lower Central America (Costa Rica and Panama), and farther south into South America it occurs east of the Andes roughly reaching northern Argentina (in the provinces: Chaco,Córdoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán).
Despite requiring very specific humidity and heat, this species is commonly found in the pet trade. During the 1980s and early 1990s, substantial numbers were exported from Suriname. Today, however, far fewer are exported, and most offered for sale are captive bred. Due to their need for high humidity in a captive environment, they should be considered of intermediate difficulty for snake owners, but as long as that is provided they can thrive in captivity. Younger specimens will often bite because of natural defensive instincts, but tend to calm down as they become used to handling.
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Brazilian Rainbow Boa Adult Pair
Rainbow Boa Care Sheets :
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courtesy to : www.therainbowboa.co.uk/rainbow_boa_care_sheet.htm
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Rainbow Boa Care Sheet
BY MATTHEW THOMAS
Care sheet for Rainbow Boas (Epicrates Cenchria)
Argentine rainbow boas (Epicrates Cenchria) are considered to be one of the more beautiful snakes in the world. Not only do they display vibrant orange and red coloration, but they also produce an abundant amount of Rainbow iridescences. Microscopic ridges on their scales that refract light cause this phenomenon. Rainbow boas inhabit a large geographical range including South America and lower Central America. The rainbow boa group currently (as of 2008) consist of five subspecies:
Common Names :
Brazilian, Peruvian, Espirito Santo (E.C.Cenchria)
Paraguayan, Central Highlands (E.C Crassus)
Colombian, Marajo Island (E.C Mauro’s)
Coating (E.C Assisi)
Argentine (E.C Alexei)
However only two subspecies are imported regularly. Brazilian rainbows (E.C. Cenchria), and Colombian rainbows (E.C. Maurus) are the most commonly kept rainbow boas.
Rainbow Boa Availability
Rainbow Boas are readily available. They can be found at Exotic Pet stores, and at any local reptile show. Genetic Mutations (Morphs) are available as well, however they are very rare in collections and come bearing a large price tag.
Rainbow Boa Size :
Rainbow boas are born measuring about 8 to 12 inches. Adults reach an average length of 5 to 6 feet; Females tend to be slightly larger than males in both girth and length.
Rainbow Boa Life Span :
With the proper care, captive rainbow boas on average live 20+ years. There have even been recordings of females reproducing at the age of 24 years old.
Rainbow Boa Lighting and Temperature :
The ideal temperatures for rainbow boas are a night time low of mid to low 70’s Fahrenheit and a day time high in the mid to high 80’s F. A thermal gradient is also recommended. This is easy to achieve by using under tank heat pads, and or overhead lighting such as heat lamps, or radiant heat panels. Subspecies such as Brazilian rainbow (E.C. Cenchria) are more sensitive to higher temperatures and should never be in prolonged temperatures over 90 F (unless being a gravid female). Colombian rainbow boas (E.C Maurus) tend to have a higher tolerance for both higher daytime temperatures, and lower night time temperatures, thus making this subspecies slightly easier to keep than the Brazilian. I strongly recommend using a thermostat to regulate proper temperatures. By using a thermostat you can ensure that your enclosure will never be too hot, or too cold, and has proven to be an important tool to create optimal breeding conditions.
The key to have your rainbow boa “glow” is light. A low wattage fluorescent light mounted overhead will provide a beautiful rainbow display to your snake. Rainbow boas are primarily nocturnal, so you will want to make sure your ambient lights turn off for a night cycle of 8-12 hours. Ambient lighting is also important for any live plants you might use to decorate your terrarium.
Rainbow Boa Substrate
The ideal substrate for rainbow boas is one that can withstand moisture without molding or breaking down. Some of these substrates include high grade cypress mulch, coconut products such as Zoo Med’s “Eco Earth,” and aquarium gravel. Both sphagnum and green moss are a great way to visually enhance the look of your terrarium, while providing extra moisture and increasing humidity. It is also important to provide some kind of hide for your rainbow boa. I like to use large pieces of cork flats, or domed wooden hide logs in my exhibits.
Rainbow Boa Food
Rainbow boas are generally voracious eaters. In the wild their diet consists of small mammals, rodents, birds, bats, and even small lizards including tegus (Tupinambis merianae). A variation in their captive diet has not been proven to be necessary, and can suffice on an all-rodent diet.
Rainbow Boa Water
Proper humidity and available clean water is crucial for keeping a healthy rainbow boa. Most rainbow boas thrive with humidity levels of 70 percent and higher, however Colombian rainbows (C.C.Maurus) are known to thrive in humidity levels as low as 50 percent. Dehydration and overheating are the two most common causes of mortality in rainbow boas. Signs of dehydration include: incomplete sheds, wrinkly dry scales, and regurgitation. A water source big enough for your snake to soak in is very important, and should be changed frequently to avoid dirty stagnant water.
Rainbow Boa Handling and Temperament
Rainbow boas are generally docile and can withstand regular handling, however neonates (babies) tend to be a little nippy for the first few months. This behavior is a natural instinct for survival, but after a few meals and some time to adjust to new surroundings they seem to tame down and become great companions.
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Further reading :
by Ben Team (Author)
by Henry Bellosa (Author), Hans Bisplinghof (Author), John Berry (Contributor),Frank Mutschmann (Contributor)
by R.D. Bartlett (Author)
Many books you can find in the Internet based libraries and bookshops like Amazon.com ( Click Here ) ..
But first look for the best prices at Book Finder.com