Other African Skinks :
Africa , Asia and Australia have the larger groups of skinks which is suitable as a pet .. but not all ofthem as any other kinds of reptiles ..
Sandfishes (Apothekerskinke, Scincus scincus) im Reptilium Landau
1- Peters writhring skink -Lygosoma afer :
Videos : ( For similar or equivalent species)
Secret Filming of the Sandfish
Eastern Sandfish Scincus mitranus on vegetarian astray
2- Sand Fish Skinks ( Scincus scincus ) :
Other Websites :
The sandfish (Scincus scincus) is a species of skink that burrows into the sand and swims through it. It is native to north Africa and southwestern Asia, but is also kept as a pet elsewhere.
The name sandfish originated because of its ability to move through sand as if it were swimming. Adult sandfish usually reach about 8 inches (20 cm) in length, including the short tail.
The sandfish has developed a peculiar way of dealing with the desert heat: it can dive into soft sand. It does this to prevent overheating (as it is cold-blooded) and whenever it feels threatened.
This skink has a long, wedge-shaped snout with a countersunk lower jaw. Its long, tapered body is covered with smooth, shiny scales, and its legs are short and sturdy with long, flattened and fringed feet.
The tail is short, tapering to a fine point. The colouration of this species is considered attractive, being yellow-caramel with brown-black cross bands. This lizard also has bead-like eyes so it can close them to keep sand out of its eyes. Similarly, its nostrils are very small to keep all of the sand out of its nose and lungs.
X-ray imaging has demonstrated the lizard swims within sand using an undulatory gait with its limbs tucked against its sides rather than use its limbs as paddles  to propel itself forward. Subsequent studies of the mathematics of sandfish sand-swimming, using robotic models, and electromyographyshow that the sandfish uses the optimum waveform to move through the sand with minimal energetic cost, given its anatomy.
Species in the Scincus genus are distributed over an extensive belt of desert from the west coast of Africa, through the Sahara and into Arabia. 
The sandfish is an insectivore. It can detect vibrations the insects in its vicinity create while moving
These small reptiles are common among the US and UK pet stores. It is very simple to care for, but rarely breeds in captivity, so most animals in pet trade are wild-caught.
A captive juvenile male sandfish skink.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
Other websites :
Care of Sandfish Skink
courtesy to : cripticspage.com:1991/asp/animalcare/Animal_Care_detail.
Common Name : Sandfish Skink
Scientific Name : Scincus scincus
Location : Karachi 12f 4m 24 48N 66 59E 43yrs
Enviroment : Desert
Animal Type : Reptile - Lizard
Activity Period : Diurnal
Temperature : 110 F day, 80's night
Humidity : < 60 %
Gestation Period : -
Incubation Period : -
Incubation Temp : -
Natural History :
A member of the massive skink family (Scincidae), which boasts more than 87 genera and 1,280 species worldwide, the sandfish skink is an ancient reptile that has likely been on the planet for more than 40 million years. The term "sandfish" is a bit ambiguous, taxonomically speaking, and can refer to any one of 10 subspecies currently recognized by scientists. Because all of these subspecies make their way to the commercial pet trade (although some are more common than others), it can be difficult to know exactly which subspecies you are dealing with. But the differences between most of these subspecies are nominal, and can be as slight as a variation in the location of a specific chromosome or an isolated geographic location. So far as matters of scientific classification and exact identificiation are concerned, these variations are quite problematic, but for the average herp enthusiast who cares for little more than a cold-blooded companion, these differences are far outweighted by common traits shared by nearly all sandfish. Found from eastern and central North Africa to central Pakistan, the sandfish skink has develped several external adaptations for making life easier in the loose sands of this desert region.
First and probably most noticeable, is the formation of the skink's head and jaws. The sloping skull and broad snout gives the animal's head a shovel-like appearance. This od formation is invaluable to the skink as a means of burrowing. By holding its head down and sweeping its snout from side to side, the sandfish can quickly displace a suprisingly large amount of earth when burrowing or rooting about for food. Like a knife blade, the angular snout slices easily through the sand, allowing the lizard to move effortlessly through the desert landscape. But the wedgelike snout also acts as sort of steering mechanism. Like a ship's keel, the snout is the principle mechanism in determining the lizard's depth and direction in the sand. Should the skink lower its snout while moving through the sand, it will quickly descend deeper underground, whereas an upturned snout will result in the lizard breaching the surface. The physics of this motion, and the reason for the animal's namesake, is remarkably similar to a dolphin or fish moving through the sea. Of course, there are other, less-obvious features of the sandfish anatomy that contribute no less to its success in nature. The tail and spine of this skink are much more laterally flexible than those of most other lizards. This skeletal formation allows the sandfish to undulate its body from side to side (in much the same fashion as a crocodile moves through the water) and literally "swim" through the loose sand of its desert homeland. The toes of the sandfish, which curiously do not show any of the diminished characteristics seen in many other subterranean species, are flanged with serrated, spadelike structures that greatly increase the surface area of each foot, acting as miniture shovels when the lizard kicks or claws through the sand. Just as the webbing between a frog's toes make it a much more efficient swimmer, so too these flanges allow the sandfish to move about more effectively underground. The sandfish's belly is markedly flattened, and its scales are extremely smooth, giving it a "streamlined" design. When put in action all together - undulating spine and tail, shovel snout, flanged toes and streamlined structure - a frightened sandfish can conceal itself well beneath the sand's surface in a matter of seconds to escape would-be predators. The sandy soil in which the skink thrives is a liability as well as an asset, however, if left unchecked, tiny silicon granuales could damage the lizard's more sensitive regions. But the adaptations of the sandfish skink have these bases covered, as well. Not only are the reduced eyes depresed into the skull, but special preocular grooves in the animal's face help to channel sand away from the delicat eyes. The thick eyelids, too, help to protect these fragile organs in that they can close tightly to block out any sand. The mouth is countersunk under the snout, much like the mouth of a shark, and aids the skink not only in obtaining food without getting a mouthful of sand in the the process, but also adds to the animal's sleek, streamlined profile. The scales of the skink fit tightly together and create a smooth surface that is impermeable to any grains of sand that might wedge themselves between the scales of many other lizards. Finally, the sandfish's cryptic coloration - alternating bars of yellow and gray to tan - adds an immeasurable degree of camouflage to the animal's appearance. When resting or basking on the surface, a motionless sandfish skink looks like nothing more than a bit of shadow between ripples in the desert sand.
Housing can be highly variable; the size of this skink's enclosure is entirely up to the keeper, just so long as the tank is at least 15 gallons. A single sandfish can fare perfectly well its entire life (which may be upwards of a decade) in a 15 gallon tank, but would certainly not be "unhappy" in a larger enclosure. Some hobbyists prefer to keep pairs or colonies of their chosen species rather than an individual. If that is your preference, then a larger tank is in order. Three sandfish can be successfully maintained in a 20 gallon long tank; a 55 gallon holds as many as half a dozen of these "submariner" reptiles. All tanks should be fitted with a secure screen lid for proper ventilation and low relative humidity (which should be no higher than 60 %). Rubbermaid or other plastic storage boxes will also work for the penny-prudent herper, but these enclosures tend to trap a bit more moisture than the arid-loving sandfish can tolerate. Aside from the obvious fine-grained sand (play sand) there are several alternatives that tend to be all around better for the animal's health and happiness. A tank full of sand can be very heavy. Because of this, you should decide where to place their tank in advance. Ground corncob bedding is an extremely lightweight substrate that still allows your new acquisition to perform its natural burrowing activities. Ground corncops are also very dry, which is definitly a plce where humidity is concerned; animal waste, which clumps in this bedding is easily removed. The only drawback to this substrate is the availability of water to your lizards. Sandfish skinks ge much of their water from tehir prey, but they also need an area of moist sand from which they gather any additional water that they might need. A vertical PVC pipe located in one corner of a sand-filled tank can act as a sort of funnel for channeling water to the depths of the enclosure. A bit of water poured every three days or so down the pipe will ensure a moist layer of sand deep in the tank, which the sandfish may frequent for their water needs. Don't over do the wter though. A moist layer of corncob bedding will do little more than create a rotting spawning ground for bacteria and fungi that can pose a serious health hazard to your animals. You may want to try a 50/50 mix of corncop bedding and fine sand. It will provide a fairly lightweight and practical substrate that provides both the keepter and the lizard with the best of both worlds. As the sandfish tools about in its daily burrowing, the sand will settle to the bottom, and water may be piped in without fear of decomposing the corncobs, which have been pushed closer to the surface. If gut impaction is your fear, then commercially available calcium carbonate sands are certainly an option. Again, a mixture of digestible calcium sand and ground corncobs (which will aslo biodegrade in an animal's stomach) will also provide a less weighty enclosure. With base substrate out of the way, nect comes the secondary substrate, or tank ornamentation. Many herpers like to give their animals' enclosures as natural a looking as possible; live plants, rocky outcroppings and the like. Performing this task with sandfish, if you are a stickler for aestetics, may just drive you batty, as the subteranean capering of your lizards will quickly undermine any rocks, logs or other decorations you have so meticulously placed in the reptile's tank. Do not be surprised if the ceramic cattle skull that you spent 20 minuts positioning just right the night before is half buried the next morning. The fact of the matter is that these skinks will inadvertently shift, overturn or outright sink most any decorations placed in their tank. This is not necessarily a bad thing, and sandfish housed seem to enjoy basking on half-submerged slabs of slate. Stacked or very heavy items such as large rocks should, therefore be avoided as they will be undermined and can fall into the side of the tank and break the glass. They may just as easily shift at the wrong time and crush your skink. Being a resident of Northern Africa, the sandfish skink likes only one temperature, hot. Daily highs should reach no greater than 110 degrees F, with a night time drop into the mid-80s. This temperature gradient may be attained a number of ways, but the best method is through at least one (possibly more, depending on the size of your tank) undertank heating pad and a basking light. Avoid in-tank heating rocks for the subversion and crushing factors previously mentioned; basking lights should offer both UVA and UVB rays of no less than 7 %. Eight hours' exposure each day to these lights is more than sufficient for your skink's proper metabolism. Feeding - In the wild, the sandfish skink feeds on a variety of invertebrates, such as locusts, ants and spiders, but its absolut favorite insect is the beetle. Exactly why sandfish prefer these hard-shelled insects is unknown, but the fact remains that such crunchy delights catch a sandfish's attention more than any other food item. Fortunately, crickets have a similar body structure to most of the small beetles that the sandfish are naturally prone to eating, so captive feeding does not pose a big problem. A handful of crickets released every few days into the sandfish enclosure should be adequate sustenance for your pet, but more or fewer may be required depending on the animal's needs and appetite. Mealworms and wax worms are also taken redily by most sandfish often directly from their keeper's fingers. These worms, however, are burrowers themselves, and if not taken directly from the surface of the sand, they will almost certainly be found and devoured beneath the substrate. If fate should send into your possession one of those finicky eaters that will accept little more than a hard-shelled beetle, fear not, for mealworms that are kept full-term will metamorphose into thumbnail-sized beetles that should more than satisfy your lizard's invertebrate cravings.
Very little is known about the exact breeding times and behaviors of the sandfish skink, and for good reason. It is not easy to observe the natural mating practices of a lizard that lives in one of the hottest, driest places on Earth, and that more likely than not performs the actual act of copulation more than a foot beneath the desert sand! Sandfish skinks are ovoviviparous, meaning their eggs hatch within their bodies or immediately after extrusion from the female. Some who have produced offspring tell of finding minuscule egg shells buried deep within the enclosure, while others report no such findings. Even sex determination is extremely difficult in this species, for the only known sexual dimorphism existing in these animals is a size difference. The adult female is invariable smaller than the adult male. Sex is most easily determined with the aid of sexing probes or with X-rays. Once it is determined that you have a pair of sandfish skinks, it is only a question of how to induce the animals to mate. Again, this sounds simple enough, but no one knows for sure the breeding cycle of the lizards, and most breeders of sandfish have been the unsuspecting recipients of young sandfish that they were cleaning out the tank (let this be a lesson to always check old sand thoroughly before dumping it out). Most authorities on the subject believe that these skinks will breed at virtually any time of the year if temperatures and food supplies are sufficient to both rear new young and support the gravid female during her reproduction cycle.
Incubation , Rearing , Illnesses : No information about it ..
sandfish (Scincus scincus)
Blakes New Sandfish From Repticon Atlanta 2011
Egyptian Sand Fish
SCINCUS SCINCUS poisson de sable /sande fish(GUEMAR )شرشمانة تاكل بنانة
سمك الرمل أو ( الشرشمان ) سبحان الله
Sandfish Lizard Slithers into Science Spotlight - Science Nation
Scincus scincus terrarium
ジャンボミルワーム vs サンドフィッシュスキンク Scincus scincus
2- The delicate skink, dark-flecked garden sun skink, garden skink or plague skink ( Lampropholis delicata )
The delicate skink, dark-flecked garden sun skink, garden skink or plague skink (Lampropholis delicata) is a skink of the subfamily Lygosominae, originally from Eastern Australia. In its native range and in New Zealand it is also known as the rainbow skink, a term that usually refers to the African Trachylepis margaritifera, also a member of the Lygosominae.
It was accidentally introduced to New Zealand in the early 1960s. It is the only introduced reptile in New Zealand to successfully establish a wild population. It is found in several parts of the North Island, and occupies similar habitats to the native copper skink (Cyclodina aenea). The delicate skink is considered a pest species in New Zealand, as they reproduce much more rapidly than native lizards, and compete with other native lizards and mammals for food and habitat. They prey on many native invertebrates in the area as well.
Delicate skink or
It has also become naturalized in Hawaii, where it is reportedly now the most numerous skink, and on Lord Howe Island.
The delicate skink is more common in suburban gardens than in adjacent native bushland. It has a moderate body with a medium length, slender tail. Its scales are smooth. The back and sides are greyish-brown to rich brown, often with darker and paler flecks. A narrow yellowish-brown stripe is usually present on the outer edge of the back. The species can also have two distinct forms: a prominent white stripe and a
(De Vis, 1888)
less prominent white stripe. This dimorphism is not strictly distinguished by gender.
The females of the Lampropholis delicata species have a distinct color dimorphism. As of now, two morphs are known: a prominent white stripe and a dull white stripe along the lateral to midsection of the body. The continuation of each morph is often linked to its fitness advantage in crypsis but varies for each sex and temperature exposure. The presence of the stripe can confer a fitness advantage in
females but in males the coloration may cause exposure to predation therefore the less distinct striped morph occurs more frequently in the males of the species. However the ultimate cause of this color dimorphism in not entirely conclusive for each sex but may be attributed geographical distribution, natural barriers, habitat preference, and sexual selection.
Since the Lampropholis delicata species is not native to the area in which they are found, it is possible that the resulting morphs are caused by the exposure to a new environment and climate as this particular species' activity level is temperature dependent. The most active males are found in lower temperature microhabitats and display a higher amount of individuals with indistinct stripes. This could be a result of anti-predation tactics. Females of this species do not display the same activity level as their male counterparts so the amount of females with the less distinct morphs remain lower. Sexual selection also plays a role on the continuation of this dimorphism because females seem to choose the males with higher fitness traits, in this case they favor the highly active less distinct striped males.
Aside from the variation in climate, Eastern Australia also provides different ground cover substrates as potential habitats. The species prefers an open substrate environment because the ground cover and loose leaf litter allows for thermoregulation, protection and optimal foraging conditions. Females and males remain sheltered in the leaf litter and their cryptic coloration adds an additional camouflage element but it is inconclusive as to whether the habitat distribution directly caused the color dimorphism.
Environmental factors greatly influence the change within the Lampropholis delicata species and continue to preserve each distinct variation. These polymorphisms have the potential to greatly affect survival in each niche, especially because the Lampropholis delicata is an invasive species, creating more need for adaptations.
Naturalised rainbow skink in Raglan, New Zealand
Note the yellowish stripe on the side.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
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GARDEN SKINK FACTS
The Garden Skink is a small dark brown lizard, with bronze coloured stripe, from the shoulder and to the base of the tail.
Delicate Skink, Dark-flecked Garden Sunskink
up to 40 mm excluding tail
Open woodland and forest. Common in suburban gardens.
The females lay 2-6 eggs in a communal nest which can contain up to 250 eggs. Females often produce more than one clutch per season.
Common Name:Garden Skink
Relatives in same Genus
Pale-flecked Garden Sunskink (L. guichenoti)
Garden Skink (Lampropholis delicata)
The Garden Skink is a common garden skink in Brisbane. It is found in mulch and loose soil. It is about 9cm long. It usually lays two small white eggs about the size of a baked bean..
Several female Garden Skinks often lay their eggs in a cluster under loose soil or debris. These were found amongst gravel. The eggs are oval and white about the size of baked beans.
Rainbow Skink And Blue Tongue Skink Care Tips
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