Calotes bachae is a species of lizard in the Agamidae family. This species is found in open areas of Cat Tien National Park, in dense tropical forests in Bu Gia Map National Park and in parks in downtown Ho Chi Minh City. It was formely thought that Calotes bachae was Calotes mystaceus which inhabits in Burma and Thailand due to their similar appearance. However, genetic analysis and studying the size and scale characteristics have shown that they are seperate species. The result of study was published in an article on Zootaxa in January 2013.
3- Calotes bachae
Calotes bachae is a species of lizard in the family Agamidae. This species is found in open areas of Cat Tien National Park, in dense tropical forests in Bu Gia Map National Park and in parks in downtown Ho Chi Minh City. It was formerly thought that Calotes bachae was Calotes mystaceus which inhabits in Burma and Thailand due to their similar appearance. However, genetic analysis and studying the size and scale characteristics have shown that they are separate species. The result of study was published in an article on Zootaxa in January 2013.
Hartmann, Geissler, Poyarkov, Ihlow, Galoyan, Rödder & Böhme, 2013
Care Articles :
- Calotes bachae
courtesy to : carnivoraforum.com/topic/9806681/1/
Species: Calotes bachae
Neon blue dragon discovered in Vietnamese rainforest
January 15, 2013
German and Russian biologists have discovered a stunning new species of lizard in Vietnam. The species, dubbed Calotes bachae, is described in a recent issue of the journal Zootaxa.
Calotes bachae is a type of agama, a group of lizards commonly known as "forest dragons." It was described after DNA research led by Timo Hartmann, a PhD candidate from the Museum Koenig in Bonn, Germany, revealed it was genetically distinct from another blue lizard species found in Myanmar and Thailand. In other words, it is what scientists call a cryptic species — one that has been hiding in plain sight.
Calotes bachae is not particularly rare nor difficult to find, according to the zoologists.
“To observe the new species no exhausting march into the remote rainforests of Vietnam is necessary. These lizards seem to have arranged themselves well with humans, even in the centre of the metropolis Ho Chi Minh City one can find them within parks and flower beds”, said study co-author Peter Geissler, also a PhD candidate at Koenig.
Calotes bachae is a small lizard, measuring up to 4 inches (10 cm) in length. Like many other agamids, males are characterized by bright colors during the mating season. Females and juveniles are drabber in coloration. Both males and females are capable of changing colors to better match their surroundings. For example at night, Calotes bachae is typically dark brown.
B) Adult female in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam. Photo by Peter Geissler. C) Adult male during breeding season, Dong Nai Province. Photo by Peter Geissler. D) Adult male in Binh Phuoc Province, Vietnam. Photograph by Nikolay Poyarkov. E) Juvenile in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam. Photo by Peter Geissler.
The discovery provides another example of the utility of new tools like DNA-barcoding in distinguishing species, according to Nikolay Poyarkov, another co-author of the study.
“The full species richness of our planet is not nearly recorded yet”, added Rödder, Head of the Herpetology Department at the Museum Koenig.
Hundreds of previously unknown species have been discovered over the past decade in the Mekong region. Last week Australian scientists announced the discovery of a giant flying frog, also from Vietnam.
CITATION: Timo Hartmann et al. (2013). A new species of the genus Calotes Cuvier, 1817 (Squamata: Agamidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3599 (3): 246–260; doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3599.3.3
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Calotes bachae drinking water.
Calotes bachae feeding.
4- Calotes mystaceus :
Calotes mystaceus, the Indo-Chinese forest lizard is an agamid lizard found in China, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Indo-Chinese forest lizard
Duméril & Bibron, 1837
Physical Structure: Upper head-scales smooth or feebly keeled, imbricate, scarcely enlarged on supraorbital region; a few small spines on each side of the head above the tympanum; latter measuring at least half the diameter of the orbit. Gular sac small; gular scales feebly keeled, as large as dorsals. An oblique fold in front of the shoulder. Dorso-nuchal crest well developed in the male,composed of falciform spines directed backwards, the longest measuring the diameter of the orbit; it gradually decreases in height on the back, being reduced to a mere denticulation on the sacrum. 45-53 scales round the middle of the body; dorsal scales keeled, nearly twice as large as ventrals, all directed upwards and backwards; ventral scales strongly keeled.
The adpressed hind limb reaches the tympanum or the posterior border of the orbit; fourth finger slightly longer than the third. Tail a little compressed, at the base with a slightly serrated upper ridge.
Color Pattern: Background color grey to olive, frequently with large transverse red spots on the back; lips yellowish.
Length: Maximum: 42 cm., Common: 28 cm. (Snout to vent 9.5 cm.).
Maximum published weight: ? g.
Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India (Mizoram), Laos, Myanmar (Tenasserim to Naypyitaw = Naypyitaw, Mandalay, and Kachin State [26°00N, 97°30E]), Thailand (north of the Istmus of Kra), & Vietnam (South). And possibly found in Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill tracts), adjacent to Mizoram province of India.
Monkish Calotes Mystaceus
Male Calotes mystaceus from Thailand
Vernacular names :
Bengali: নীল-মাথা গিরিগিটি (Neel-matha girigiti), নীলা রক্তচোষা (proposed)।
Burmese: ပုတ်သင်ညို (Pote Thin Nyo)
English: Blue-crested lizard, Indo-Chinese bloodsucker, Indo-Chinese forest lizard, White-lipped calotes.
Hindi & Mizo: ?
Khmer (Cambodian): ?
Thai: Ging-ga Hua Si Fa, Ging-ga Suan.
Terrestrial & arboreal; diurnal; naturally found in forest, but can be found in treed neighborhoods and city parks.
Feeds on crickets, grasshoppers, moths, and other insects.
No known practical uses. Plays an insectivorous role in its ecosystem.
Threat to humans :
Non-venomous and harmless to humans. Can give a painful bite if handled, but is not dangerous.
IUCN threat status :
Not Evaluated (NE).
Blue-crested Lizard, Calotes mystaceus
Other websites :
- Care : www.dnatecosistemas.es/tienda-reptiles-y-anfibios/reptiles/lagartos-y-saurios/dragon-arboricola-crestado-calotes-mystaceus-reptiles-baratos-tienda-de-peces-online-peces-reptiles-anfibios-saurios-por-internet-acuario-bomba-filtro-sustrato-planta-roca-arena-salabre-iman-termocalentador-comida-seca-viva-congelada.html
Hand Feeding my Blue - Crested Lizard [1080p]
5- Calotes grandisquamis
alotes grandisquamis, the large-scaled forest lizard, is an arboreal, diurnal, insectivorous agamid lizard found in the evergreen rainforests of the Western Ghats of India; distributed from Agumbe to Agasthyamalai Hills.
Large-scaled forest lizard
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
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