Here we will have alook to the species and the species which is most popular in pet trade and other less ..
1- Agama agama :
The common agama, red-headed rock agama, or rainbow agama (Agama agama) is a species of lizard from the Agamidae family found in most of sub-Saharan Africa.
Its size varies from 13 to 30 cm (5.1 to 11.8 in) in total length. It can often be seen in the heat of the day. In the breeding season, the males develop dramatically colorful markings, the head and neck and tail turning bright orange, and the body dark blue. Outside of the breeding season, the male is a plain brown. The females and juveniles are always more cryptically marked. This lizard can be found climbing rocks and walls. Its primary source of food is insects.
The males are territorial, claiming small to medium-sized patches of land which they defend against other mature males. Juveniles and females reside within the territories unchallenged. The mature males become agitated when confronting each other, nodding vigorously, arching, skipping sideways, and clashing tails. The loser is chased out of the territory. During mating season, males do "push-ups" to attract females.
The species name was formerly applied to a paraphyletic collection of taxa, and mitochondrial DNA analysis of various populations indicates they represent separate species. Consequently, three former subspecies A. a. africana, A. a. boensis, and A. a. mucosoensis are now considered separate species, and A. a. savattieri is considered synonymous with A. africana.
Zoo Schmiding near Bad Schallerbach, Austria
female moulting, Gambia
The Amazing Red Headed Agama Lizard - San Diego Zoo
Other websites :
- Care ( General agama species ) : www.lllreptile.com/articles/188-spiderman-agama/
Agama Agama - as pet :
1- Red Headed Agama Care Sheet
Scientific Name: Agama agama
Found throughout Africa, the Red Headed Agama calls the semi-desert and scrubland areas home.
Captive Care Information :
Food & Water :
Red Headed Agamas are carnivouroous lizards. As such, they should be fed a wide variety of feeder insects. Some you can use are crickets, mealworms, silkworms, butterworms, roaches, earthworms and kingworms. Make sure the insects are gut loaded with nutrional foods, and coated with a multi-vitamin dust or spray. Provide a small water dish for the Red Headed Agamas to drink. You can also spray the leaves of plants in the enclosure, but this also raises humidity.
Lighting, Temperature & Humidity :
Humidity levels should be kept to a minimum, around 10% to 20%. They are from dry desert areas where humidity is not a factor. Daytime temperatures should be provided in a gradient of 80 degrees F to 90 degrees F in the basking spot. Keep the temperature between 75 degrees F and 80 degrees F at night. They need a slightly lower temperature, but not too low. Use full-spectrum flourescent lighting to provide your Red Headed Agama with needed UVB light, on a 12 hours daylight cycle.
A minimum size of 36" x 20" x 20" should be used. Bigger is always better though. Place a lot of branches for climbing, enabling them to bask in the warm spot as well. They will need hiding places, so provide multiple items for them to hide under. Use playsand, peat moss or something similar as a substrate .
2- Common Agama :
Agama agama (aka Rainbow Lizard)
A bright blue body and yellow tail and head characterize the dominant males of this species, while subordinate males, females, and juveniles have an olive green head. Both sexes have a whitish underside, buff brown back limbs, and banded tail. The large head is separated from the body by a well-defined neck and there are well-developed eyelids and ear openings. Males are larger than females, with a maximum length of 10 inches.
Distribution and Habitat :
Found in most of sub-Saharan Africa, this lizard can live almost anywhere there is sufficient vegetation for cover and insects for food, including urban and suburban areas.
Although they are primarily insectivorous, agamas will eat small mammals, small reptiles, and vegetation. An ambush predator, the agama sits in vegetation, under a rock outcropping, or in the shade and waits until an insect or small mammal walks by and then chases its prey, which is caught with a sticky-tipped tongue.
Although male agamas are capable of reproducing any time of the year, females can only lay their eggs after the rainy season has ended, when the food supply is at its height.
A dominant male agama will mate with any willing female that comes into his territory. In courtship, he approaches the female from behind and bobs his head at her. If she accepts him the two mate and then separate. If she doesn't, he may continue bobbing his head until he is exhausted. It is not uncommon for a female to initiate courtship by running up to the male and raising her tail in front of him.
Up to twelve eggs are laid in a hole dug by the female. The hole is about two inches deep and is located in sandy damp soil that is exposed to sunlight most of the day and covered by vegetation. The temperature of the nest determines the sex of the embryos, with all becoming males at 29 degrees Celsius and all females at 26-27 degrees. The eggs hatch within eight to ten weeks, and the hatchlings begin eating rocks, sand, plants, and insects almost immediately. The adolescent will remain solitary for the first two months, but by four months will join a gregarious group with a dominant male (cock), several females, and other subordinate adolescent males (sub-males). How agama groups come together in the wild is not known. In order for a subordinate male to gain mating rights he must either establish his own territory or defeat the current dominant male in a fight.
Other Habits and Behaviors
While sunning themselves each morning, the dominant male will claim the most elevated spot, with subordinates in lower areas.
Agamas are generally docile except for dominant males defending their territories from both neighboring dominant males and potential "replacements." The cock will initially try to ward off an intruder via a threat display, which consists of rapid up and down movement of the head with the gular sac (throat sac) fully extended. If the intruder stays then the cock will charge to within two feet, change colors, and threaten again. He will then rush within six inches and side hop with mouth open. The two males will then reverse directions and strike each other with their tails. The back and forth will continue until one of the participants leaves the territory.
subordinate male agama
dominant male agama
genus & species Agama agama
Animal Diversity Web
Die Fliederagame Agama mwanzae - eine zweijährige Dokumentation der Pflege
The Amazing Red Headed Agama Lizard - San Diego Zoo
The Amazing Spiderman Agamas at LLLReptile!
Feeding my red headed agama
Re-homing the Red Head Agamas
Facts About the Agama Lizard
Red Headed Agama Colin, Finally Taming
Red Head Agamas Setup and care
Red Head Agama (Agama agama)
Making rock background for dry vivarium
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
1- Agama agama