Other information :
Epipedobates machalilla, formerly Colostethus machalilla, is a slender species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. Endemic to West Ecuador, it lives in dry and low forests and was first described by Luis A. Coloma in 1995. With a decreasing population, IUCN have classed it as Near Threatened.
3- Epipedobates machalilla
Conservation status :
Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification :
Binomial name :
Colostethus machalilla (Coloma, 1995)
Epipedobates machalilla has a snout-vent length of 14.4 to 16 millimetres (0.57 to 0.63 in) for males and 15.0 to 17.6 millimetres (0.59 to 0.69 in) for females. Their heads are longer than they are wide, and the tympanum is small. The forelimbs have a moderate length and the fingers are unwebbed. The toes do not have lateral fringes and the terminal discs are expanded. It is dark-coffee in colour with a gold iris and cream ventral surfaces.
The mating system of the Epipedobates machalilla includes cephalic amplexus. The female will produce around 15 eggs which are left on the ground or under leaves. The female will then leave, and the male will protect the development of the embryos and carry the larvae. When the tadpoles hatch (around 20 days after fertilization occurs), the male will take the tadpoles to riverbanks or pools of water so metamorphosis and growth can take place.
Epipedobates machalilla is endemic to West Ecuador, where it lives in dry and low forests. It mainly occurs in Azogues, Bolívar, El Oro, Guayas, Los Rios and Manabí and has been seen in the Choco rainforest. The species occurs at altitudes between 10 and 515 metres (33 and 1,690 ft). Recently, the population has been declining due to agriculture and logging, which has caused IUCN to class the species as Near Threatened.
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Scientific. Name: Epipedobates machalilla (C OLOMA , 1995)
courtresy to : www.dendrobase.de/index.php
Colostethus machalilla (C OLOMA , 1995)
Amphibia-> Anura-> Dendrobatoidea-> Dendrobatidae-> Colostethinae-> Epipedobates -> Epipedobates machalilla (C OLOMA , 1995)
Note for the systematics:
By C OLOMA , 1995 as Colostethus machalilla described. In 2004 , RAHAM , R ON , S ANTOS , S CHNEIDER & M ORITZ reverted to the Epipedobates tricolor group, but did not transfer them into the genus Epipedobates. F ROST , 2006 leads the species as Epipedobates machalilla .
Ayampe, Prov. Manabí
© 2007 PUCE Luis A. Coloma Epipedobates machalilla © 2009
size : Small style with 17mm KRL
Scabies and larvae :
The eggs have a diameter of 1.6 mm and are laid in the foliage layer at 8-21 (average 15, n = 72) eggs in soil nests. The storage takes place at noon. (D EL PINO ET AL. )
Brood care behavior:
Typefundort of the first description :
"Río Ayamp, 25 km N Montañita, 1 ° 40' S, 80 ° 47'W, 70 m, boundary of Provincia Manabí and Provincia Guayas, Ecuador"
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