3- Andinobates minutus :
The blue-bellied poison frog or bluebelly poison frog
Shreve, 1935 , Dunn, 1940
The blue-bellied poison frog or bluebelly poison frog (Andinobates minutus) is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. It is found in Colombia and Panama.Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests. It is a locally abundant, terrestrial species. As the scientific name suggests, it is a small frog, only 13–16 mm (0.51–0.63 in) in snout–vent length. The eggs are deposited in leaf-litter; the male carries the tadpoles to bromeliads, where they complete their development.
It is threatened by habitat loss (deforestation) and pollution. This species is not collected for pet trade, unlike many other poison frogs.
Blue-bellied poison frog
Conservation status :
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification :
Binomial name :
Dendrobates minutus minutusShreve, 1935
Dendrobates shrevei Dunn, 1940
Ranitomeya minuta (Shreve, 1935)
Minyobates minutus(Shreve, 1935)
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
Care articles :
Andinobates minutus (S HREVE , 1935)
courtesy to : www.dendrobase.de/index.php
Ranitomeya minuta (GRANT , FROST , CALDWELL , GAGLIARDO , HADDAD , KOK , MEANS , NOONAN , SCHARGEL & WHEELER , 2006)
Dendrobates minutus ( JUNGFER , LÖTTERS & JÖRGENS , 2000)
Minyobates minutus (M.YERS , 1987)
Dendrobates shrevei (DUNN, 1940)
Dendrobates minutus minutus (SHREVE 1935)
English name: Bluebelly Poison, Blue-bellied poison-arrow frog
German name: Blaubauch-Zwergbaumsteiger
Amphibia-> Anura-> Dendrobatoidea-> Dendrobatidae -> -> Andinobates -> Andinobates minutus (S HREVE , 1935)
sensu G RANT ET AL . (2006)
females slightly larger and fuller
This frog was often misrepresented in the literature: Heselhaus: Silverstoneia nubicola instead of R. minuta, Henkel / Schmidt label interchanged with Epipedobates espinosai.
The frog is small but very attractively colored:
The basic color is a chocolate or reddish brown. There are twoDorsolateralstreifen in metallic orange to copper. The animals have elongated signal spots in copper-orange on the tops of the front and hind legs. These can be seen on a few meters on the dark forest floor. The belly is blue with a black marbling.
about 5-6 years
with 12-14 months. The first clutches are often of inferior quality (fungi).
A very active frog, which is however much under leaves and therefore a bit shy. The males occupy quite small areas, defending them all the more stubborn. It is usually called in the morning and early evening.
We settle in the leaf layer and like in photo boxes. The male guards the nest and transports the larvae individually into bromeli salmon.
The tadpoles are said to be mosquito repellents in nature (alleged preference of mosquito larvae). However, all unspecialized dendrobatid tadpoles eat mosquito larvae, and M. minutus tadpoles are also good to feed on fish food. (Description T. Ostrowski)
Insect-like chirping / buzzing, good sound but not loud.
Panama to Colombia. The animals inhabit different altitudes of 100 -1000 m.
Distribution only to Central Panama. Occurrence in Costa Rica could not be confirmed (Savage 2002 and Ostrowski 2003). The alleged deposits in the province of Bocas del Toro are the species Ranitomeya claudiae. (Text T. Ostrowski)
The populations I visited were all in slightly higher elevations (400-1000 m). Mountain moist forests along the Cordillera Central and Serrania del Darien in Panama.
Example site: Pacific side, near Rio Paja / Serrania de San Blas, 600-700m. It was quite dense shady forests with deciduous layer and little undergrowth.
The temperatures were 24-25 degrees C. The animals lived in the leaves between the leaves and were very active and sometimes very numerous (up to 5 animals / square meter).
The localities were usually further away from streams, mostly on the hilltops and not in the valleys (flood risk!). Bromeliads were only high in the trees. The animals lived almost only close to the ground (up to 50 cm) and were rarely observed even up to 3m height. At the described site they lived sympatric with D. auratus, R. fulgurita and S. nubicola. (Description T. Ostrowski)
Attitude in the terrarium
Terrarium / Facility:
Small pools from 30x25x25 cm, automatic irrigation and fog system recommended.
Do not choose to large pools, because then the food supply is difficult to ensure!
Decor with leafy foliage, dense planting and shelter in the form of photo containers. Bodenbewohner, hardly climbs (description T. Ostrowski)
Depending on the altitude 24-28 ° C, better not over 26 ° C, at night around 3-6 ° C lower
annual temperature fluctuation minimal (1-2 ° C)
80-90%, at lunchtime up to 70%, in the morning and in the evening 100% (fog)
Annual variation: Rainy season with high humidity and rain between May and September
Smallest food animals: small Drosophila, newly hatched crickets, smallest meadow plankton, aphids and mainly springtails! Very little frog that as wellAdult it needs animal springtails, because even small flies already cause trouble for the frogs and are not sufficient as basic nutrition. The juvenile Animals are only fed with springtails.
(Photo: copyright 2002 Peter Reuschling)
In spite of the high natural population density, the best is 1.1 or 1.2
Tips for breeding:
Oviposition takes place on smooth protected leaves and in small caves (photo boxes).
Creates 1-2 eggs
Development time Eggs: 14-16 days
Active transport of tadpoles through the male into very small pools of water / bromeli salmon. Only one burbot is transported.
Development of the tadpoles: 50-60 days, water temperature 24 ° C, night setback recommended. The tadpoles must be reared separately, as they are cannibalistic.
They are to be fed as varied as possible with all commercial frost and dry foods. Preference for mosquito larvae !? (
see above ) The young frogs are tiny and eat only springtails, but grow quite fast and are mature after one year. (Description T. Ostrowski)
For more information about resources for the above article .. click here
Other websites :
Madagascar Dart frogs
South America Dart Frogs - Species