2- Andinobates fulguritus :
Yellow-bellied poison frog
Silverstone , 1975
The yellow-bellied poison frog, yellow-bellied poison-arrow frog, or yellowbelly poison frog (Andinobates fulguritus) is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. It is found in northwestern Colombia (Chocó Department and the westernmost Antioquia and Risaralda) and east-central Panama.
Yellow-bellied poison frog
Conservation status :
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification :
Binomial name :
(Silverstone (fr), 1975)
Dendrobates fulguritus Silverstone, 1975
Minyobates fulguritus (Silverstone, 1975)
Ranitomeya fulgurita (Silverstone, 1975)
Males measure 13.5–15 mm (0.53–0.59 in) and females 14–16.5 mm (0.55–0.65 in) in snout–vent length. The dorsum is black with gold, yellow, or yellow-green dorso-lateral and lateral stripes (only the former are complete). On the anterior part of the dorsum there is an incomplete median stripe. The venter is gold or yellow and has black marbling or spots. The skin is slightly granular on the dorsum and moderately granular on the venter. The tympanum is round and has its postero-dorsal part concealed. The iris is black. Both fingers and toes lack fringes and webbing.
Habitat and conservation :
Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests. In Columbia its altitudinal range is 160–900 m (520–2,950 ft) above sea level; in Panama it might reach higher. It is a locally common, terrestrial frog. The eggs are deposited in leaf-litter; both parents carry the tadpoles to leaf axils, usually bromeliads, where they complete their development.
Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests. In Columbia its altitudinal range is 160–900 m (520–2,950 ft) above sea level; in Panama it might reach higher
. It is a locally common, terrestrial frog. The eggs are deposited in leaf-litter; both parents carry the tadpoles to leaf axils, usually bromeliads, where they complete their development.
It is threatened by habitat loss (deforestation) and pollution. This species seems not to be collected for pet trade.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
Care Articles :
1- Andinobates fulguritus (SILVERSTONE , 1975)
courtesy to : www.dendrobase.de/index.php
Ranitomeya fulgurita (GRANT , F ROST , CALDWELL , G AGLIARDO , H ADDAD , KOK , MEANS , NOONAN , SCHARGEL & WHEELER , 2006)
Dendrobates fulguritus ( JUNGFER , L ÖTTERS & J ÖRGENS , 2000)
Minyobates fulguritus (MYERS , 1987)
Dendrobates fulguritus (pILVERSTONE , 1975)
English name: Yellowbelly Poison Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Sci. Common Names Rept. Amph., World: 50)
Yellow-bellied Poison Frog (CITES)
German name: Yellow-banded Baumsteiger
Amphibia-> Anura-> Dendrobatoidea-> Dendrobatidae -> -> Andinobates -> Andinobates Fulguritus(S ILVERSTONE , 1975)
sensu GRANT ET AL . (2006)
Small type. Body black. Dorsolateralstreifen lateral stripes and Labialband in yellow (Colombia) or green (Panama). Belly green or yellow-black marbled
Animals over the age of 6 still spawn well. An age of 10 years seems likely. (after O STROWSKI , 2003)
with 10-12 months. The first clutches are often of inferior quality (fungi).
A little shy, active frog. However, it is not always immediately discoverable according to its size. The males transport the larvae and guard the clutch. (O STROWSKI )
Usually you find him near the ground. M YERS and D ALY (1980) also detected R. fulgurita at a height of 7.5 meters under a moss layer on a branch of the Madroño tree ( Reedia chocoensis ).
Type find location of the first description
Playa de Oro, Departamento del Chocó, Colombia, 160 m.
Eastern Panama to northwest Colombia (Chocó, Risaralda), 160-800 m altitude.
Known in Panama from the Kuna Yala area. (after O STROWSKI , 2003)
Mountain rain forest in the protected area Nusangandi. Dense primary forest. Lots of foliage and less undergrowth. The species is very rare. Bromeliads are present, but they have not been detected in nature in the nature of tadpoles. The species was found on the ground. Associated with Dendrobates auratus , R. minuta and Silverstoneia nubicola . See also biotope description in R. minuta .
Attitude in the terrarium :
- Terrarium / Facility:
Small pools from 30x25x25 cm, automatic irrigation and fog system recommended.
Do not choose to large pools, because then the food supply is difficult to ensure!
Decor with leafy foliage, dense planting and shelter in the form of photo containers. Bodenbewohner, hardly climbs. (to O STROWSKI , 2006)
Depending on the altitude 24-28 ° C, better not over 26 ° C, at night by 3-6 ° C lower. (Text copyright 2003 Thomas Ostrowski)
Annual temperature fluctuation minimal (1-2 ° C)
80-90%, at lunchtime up to 70%, in the morning and in the evening 100% (fog)
Annual variation: Rainy season with high humidity and rain between May and September. (Text copyright 2003 Thomas Ostrowski)
Usual small food animals Drosophila, micro-crickets, smallest wax maggots, meadow plankton and springtails.
Young animals very small, need springtails or newly hatched crickets.Adult is still able to cope with the great Drosphila yet springtails are preferred. (Text copyright 2003 Thomas Ostrowski)
The best 1,1 or 1,2 in larger pools also several males possible. (Text copyright 2003 Thomas Ostrowski)
Tips for breeding:
Oviposition takes place on smooth protected leaves and in small caves (photo boxes).
Lays 1-4 eggs
Development time Eggs: 14-16 days
Active transport of tadpoles through the male into very small pools of water / bromeli salmon. It is usually transported only a burbot.
2- Andinobates fulguritus
courtesy to : www. /andinobates/andinobates-fulguritus/
Account contributed by Daniel Mejia Vargas
For more information about resources for the above article .. click here
Eastern Cordilleras in Panamá, and lowlands in western Colombia, departments of Antioquia, Chocó, Risaralda, and Valle del Cauca. In the south it is replaced by A. viridis. Found at elevations from nearly sea level to 900 meters above sea level (report in Risaralda).
This is a small species that inhabits primary and secondary forests in the Northern Pacific lowlands of Colombia and Panamá. They can be seen in the leaf litter or in leaves or axils of Araceae or Heliconia up to 1.5 meters above ground, and can be found by the soft buzz call given by the male. The females lay small clutches of 1 to 5 eggs which are carried by the male and deposited individually or in small groups in phytotelmata.
This species has never been exported in substantial numbers, mostly due their spotty distribution and low population densities. However, some have been exported in illegal shipments of Oophaga histrionica and Phyllobates bicolor from Colombia, or O. pumilio in Panamá. As they are easy to breed in captivity and the demand for this tiny species is small, there are not risks of large-scale smuggling at the moment.
Member of fulguritus group of Andinobates, which also includes A. altobueyensis and A. viridis. Andinobates fulguritusis sympatric with A. minutus, A. altobueyensis, and A. viridis in parts of its range.
Other websites :
Madagascar Dart frogs
South America Dart Frogs - Species