Ameerega trivittatus, formerly Epipedobates trivittatus, is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae commonly known as the three-striped poison frog. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela, possibly Ecuador, and possibly French Guiana.
Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest floors and intermittent freshwater marshes. A. trivittatus is diurnal and terrestrial. Its distinctive features include its large size (up to 50 mm), granular skin, lack of webbing between digits, and distinctive striped markings. The colour of these markings varies; typically the stripes are green, but yellow and orange specimens occur, as well. It lays terrestrial eggs, which are hidden in clutches under leaves. The males take care of the eggs and carry the tadpoles on their backs to pools once they have hatched. It is threatened by habitat loss.
2- The three-striped poison frog - Ameerega trivittatus formerly Epipedobates trivittatus :
Conservation status :
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification :
The male three-striped poison frog has a snout-to-vent length of about 42 mm (1.65 in) and the female reaches about 55 mm (2.17 in). It has a slightly protruding snout with no teeth, finely granulated skin on its dorsal surface and smooth skin on its flanks and ventral surface. The digits are unwebbed and the first finger is longer than the second finger. The colouring of this species varies somewhat between locations but in general it has a black back and sides, a black belly suffused blue posteriorly and yellowish-green or light-brown limbs. Two yellowish-green lateral stripes run from the snout to the hind legs.
The three-striped poison frog is a diurnal, terrestrial species that is found among the leaf litter of the forest floor in both primary and secondary tropical forests. The main food of this frog is ants which are plentiful on the forest floor. Males are territorial during the breeding season but females are not. The eggs are laid in small clutches underneath fallen leaves during the rainy season. They take about 15 days to hatch during which time the male guards them. He then carries them to a suitable ephemeral pool or water-filled crevice where the tadpoles develop for from 41 to 54 days before undergoing metamorphosis.
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
Ameerega trivittatus anfíbio vocalizando no amazônia Pará. Vocalizing frog Brazil Amazon
Care articles :
1- Ameerega trivittata (S PIX , 1824)
courtesy to : www.dendrobase.de/index.php
Ameerega trivittata (G RANT , F ROST , C ALDWELL , G AGLIARDO , H ADDAD , K OK , M EANS , N OONAN , S CHARGEL & W HEELER , 2006)
Phobobates trivittatus ( Z IMMERMANN & Z IMMERMANN , 1988)
Epipedobates trivittatus (M YERS , 1987)
Ameerega peruviridis (B AUER , 1986) Ameerega trivittata (B AUER , 1986)
Phyllobates trivittatus (S ILVERSTONE , 1976)
Dendrobates tetravittatus (M IRANDA-RIBEIRO , 1926)
Hylaplesia trivittatus (K NAUER , 1883)
Dendrobates obscurus (D UMÉRIL & B IBRON , 1841)
Dendrobates nigerrimus (W AGLER , 1830)
Dendrobates trivittatus (W AGLER , 1830)
Dendrobates nigerrima (W AGLER , 1830)
Hysaplesia nigerrima (S CHELGEL , 1826)
Hysaplesia trivittata (S CHLEGEL , 1826)
Hyla nigerrima (S PIX , 1824)
Hyla trivittata (S PIX , 1824)
English name: Three-striped Arrow-poison Frog
Three-striped Poison Frog
German Name: Green Giant poison frog
Dutch Name: Driestreep- ( pijl) gifkikker?
Amphibia-> Anura-> Dendrobatoidea-> Dendrobatidae-> Colostethinae-> Ameerega -> Ameerega trivittata (S PIX , 1824)
37-45mm, females are taller and fuller
from 24 months (V ENDERBOS , personal commentary)
Males climb to elevated positions to call.
Brood care behavior:
Ameerega trivittata ♂ during transportation of the burbot
Guiana, French Guiana, Suriname and the course of the Amazon: Brazil, Peru, Bolivia (Pando), Ecuador and Colombia
Distribution area Ameerega trivittata
Lowland rainforests between 40 and 600m in height. Can be found up to 1m in bromeliads and trees.
Attitude in the terrarium
Terrarium / Facility:
Rainforest terrarium from 70x50x50cm recommended
Rain and fogger
23-25 ° C, night reduction 3-4 ° C Annual
temperature fluctuation minimal (1-2 ° C)
80-90%, at lunchtime up to 70%, in the morning and in the evening 100% (fog)
Usual small and medium feed animals
Drosophila, micro-crickets (also somewhat larger), springtails, meadow plankton
Impression from the natural biotope of A. trivittata .
Brownsberg National Park, District Brokopondo, Suriname
Larvae-bearing male of A. trivittata in the biotope.
Brownsberg National Park, District Brokopondo, Suriname
Morning mood in the biotope of Ameerega trivittata .
Brownsberg National Park, District Brokopondo, Suriname.
Ameerega trivittata "Suriname Green" in the biotope. District Sipaliwini, Suriname
Ameerega trivittata "Suriname Red" in the biotope, Nassau Gebergte, District Sipaliwini, Suriname
Biotope of Ameerega trivittata "Puerto Amistad"
In this biotope Ameerega trivittata lives sympatric with R. lamasi "Puerto Amistad"
For more information about resources for the above article .. click here
Ameerega trivittata "Brownsberg" Surinam
2- Ameerega trivittata
courtesy to : www.dendrobates.org /ameerega/ameerega-trivittata/
Widely distributed throughout the Amazon Basin across South America. Though mostly known from the lowlands, these frogs can be found as high as 1300 meters in certain parts of Peru.
These frogs are one of the most commonly encountered animals throughout many parts of Peru, particularly the Andean foothills surrounding Tarapoto. They can be heard calling all day, but particularly in the early morning or after a rain. Tadpoles are deposited in any shallow, non-flowing water bodies. At least in certain areas of San Martin, this species is frequently parasitized by a species of flesh-eating fly.
Least concern. This species is extremely common throughout a very large range. Additionally, it seems to thrive in disturbed areas with much human activity.
Sister to A. picta. This species has undergone very rapid radiation throughout South America, showing very little phylogeographic structure.
3- Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' - Three Striped Poison Dart Frog
courtesy to : www.joshsfrogs.com/epipedobates-trivittatus.html
Defining Characteristics: Unusual Intermediate/Advanced Frog | Bright green and black coloration | Moderately Bold | Challenging to breed | Loud call | Large | Great in Groups
Name: Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' (also known as Ameerega trivittata or Dendrobates trivittatus), commonly known as the three-stripe dart frog, is a rather large, unusual, and uncommon dart frog in the trade. This species is also simply known as 'trivs'.
Recommended Vivarium Size: A 20L aquarium is suitable for 2-3 Epipedobates trivittatus, but Josh's Frogs recommends a 40B or larger vivarium - these frogs like to jump! Not sure how to set up a vivarium? Please watch our video on How to Set Up a Vivarium. Check out the Josh's Frogs Epipedobates trivittatus care sheet for captive care and breeding information.
Temperature: Epipedobates trivittatus can tolerate a temperature range of 65 F to 80 F, but prefer temperatures in the low to mid 70s. Temperatures over 85F are dangerous.
Humidity: Like most poison dart frogs, Trivs prefer a humidity range of 80 – 100%, but can tolerate humidity down to 50% for short periods of time if the frogs have access to water. Low humidity levels, especially without access to water, can quickly be fatal.
Size: Adult female and male Epipedobates trivittatus are similar in length, measuring in at around 2.5-3". All of the Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' froglets Josh's Frogs sells are well started juveniles, and measure approximately 3/4” long.
Age: Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' is capable of living well over 10 years in captivity under ideal conditions, although a lifespan of 5-8 years is more common. All Trivs for sale at Josh's Frogs are well started juveniles, and are 3-4 months old.
Feeding: Like most poison dart frogs, Trivs prefer smaller foods. All of the thumbnail dart frogs sold by Josh's Frogs will readily eat Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies. Adult Epipedobates trivittatus will readily consume Drosophila hydei fruit flies and pinhead crickets. Adult trivs can consume 1/4" crickets on occasion. All ages of poison dart frogs will enjoy springtails and isopods. All feeder insects should be dusted with a vitamin/mineral supplement. For more information on what poison dart frogs can eat, please visit our How-To Guide on Feeding Poison Dart Frogs.
Sexing: Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' are fairly easy to sex as adults. Females are much wider than males, especially before laying eggs. Josh's Frogs sells 3-4 month old juveniles that are not sexable unless otherwise noted. For more information on sexing poison dart frogs, please visit our How-To Guide on Sexing Poison Dart Frogs.
Color/Pattern: Huallaga Canyon Trivs are fairly consistent in color and pattern. Exhibiting a yellowish green and black striped body, these frogs appear similar to a neon colored leopard frog! Josh's Frogs does not recommend, support, or endorse line breeding as we believe this leads to weaker captive animals and nature has done a wonderful job of creating an amazing variation in color and pattern of poison dart frogs already.
Social Behavior: Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' do well housed in groups their entire life as long as enough space is provided. Josh's Frogs recommends approximately 20 gallons per frog. As they reach sexual maturity at 5-8 months of age, the social dynamic in a group of Trivs may change and females may eat each other's eggs, although most will even breed together in the same film canister! Josh's Frogs strongly recommends against housing different species/morphs of dart frogs - for the health of your pets, please avoid mxing! Josh's Frogs recommends purchasing multiple frogs if you are interested in breeding them – this greatly increases the chances of getting a pair.
Breeding: Best bred in groups, males call to attract a female to a suitable egg laying site. Then, 15-30 eggs are laid under water (often in a film canister or a bromeliad). The eggs hatch into tadpoles, which then take 60-80 days to complete metamorphosis into miniature versions of the adults. Tadpoles will feed on dead fruit flies, the standard frog and tadpole bites/sera micron fare. For more information on breeding and raising poison dart frogs, please visit our How-To Guide on Breeding Poison Dart Frogs.
Natural Range: Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' is native to Peru.
History in the Hobby: Our Epipedobates trivittatus 'Huallaga Canyon' breeders are third generation (F3) captive bred from Understory Enterprise Peruvian imports.
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