1- Adelphobates galactonotus :
splash-backed poison frog or splashback poison frog
Adelphobates galactonotus (splash-backed poison frog or splashback poison frog) is a species of poison dart frog. It is endemic to the rainforest of the southern Amazon Basin in Brazil. Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests. The eggs are laid on the ground, but the tadpoles are carried to temporary pools. Though it remains widespread and locally common, it is threatened by habitat loss and has already disappeared from some localities due to deforestation and flooding caused by dams. The species is relatively common in captivity and regularly bred, but the wild populations are still at risk from illegal collection.
The best known variants of this species are black below and yellow, orange or red above, but its color is extremely variable with some having whitish-mint or light blue upperparts, some having a mottled or spotted pattern above, and some being almost all whitish (popularly known as "moonshine" among captive frog keepers), yellow-orange or black. It has been speculated that some morphs were separate species,
Yellow-backed variant (above, captive) and yellow-and-black netted variant (below, from Cristalino State Park)
Conservation status :
Least Concern (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification :
Binomial name :
Dendrobates galactonotusSteindachner, 1864
Dendrobates paraensis Boulenger, 1913
Distribution of the splash-backed poison frog
but genetic testing have revealed virtually no difference between them (including a distinctive variant from Cristalino State Park with a yellow-and-black netted pattern) and the distributions of the morphs do not follow a clear geographic pattern as expected if they were separate species. This relatively large poison dart frog has a snout-vent length of up to 42 mm (1.7 in).
For the external links , refrences click here to read the full wikipedia article
adelphobates galactonotus calling
Care articles :
1- Adelphobates galactonotus (STEINDACHNER, 1864)
courtesy to : www.dendrobase.de/index.php
Adelphobtes galactonotus (G RANT , F ROST , C ALDWELL , G AGLIARDO , H ADDAD , K OK , M EANS , NOONAN , SCHARGEL & WHEELER , 2006)
Dendrobates paraensis ( BOULENGER , 1914)
Dendrobates galactonotus (STEINDACHNER , 1864)
English name: Splash-Backed Poison Frog
German name:Meadow tree climber
Dutch name: Oranjerug gifkikker
Amphibia-> Anura-> Dendrobatoidea-> Dendrobatidae-> Dendrobatinae-> Adelphobates -> Adelphobates galactonotus (S TEINDACHNER , 1864)
fully grown to 40mm
Basic color black with red, orange or yellow backs.
Adelphobates galactonotus at the moult
Dorsal and ventral view Adelphobates galactonotus
The percentages indicate the size of the colored spot on the back of the animals.
The variants should not be crossed despite the same color!
with 12-15 months. The first clutches are often of inferior quality (fungi).
calm, with several females
turf strikes mostly curious and not shy (orange 75% morph)
main activity Morning and afternoon
animals are sunning themselves
Type find location of the first description
'' Rio do Muría at Sitio do S'Pedro Gurção, north of Vigia to the F. reguezia [= Freguenzia] '' (S TEINDACHNER , 1864)
Isolated areas south of the Amazon in Brazil
Attitude in the terrarium :
Terrarium / Facility:
Rainforest Terrarium 50x50x50cm from
automatic irrigation and mist system recommended
Tags 25-28 ° C, lower by 3-4 ° C at night
Annual variation: during dry season up to 30 ° C Annual variation in
temperature minimal (1-2 ° C)
70-80%, at noon to 70%, morning and evening 100% (fog)
Annual variation: Rainy season with high humidity and rain between December and April. In the dry season, on the other hand, there is low humidity, which also causes the leaves to dry out, and the animals completely withdraw during the day.
Usual small and medium feed animals
Drosophila, micro-crickets (also somewhat larger), springtails, meadow plankton
Good results were achieved with the combinations 1,1 and 2,2. In several females per male it comes to oppression rituals.
Tips for breeding:
Ideal for oviposition are black film cans, which are connected more or less horizontally in different levels of the terrarium. But others too spawning houses will be accepted. The frogs take the dry can very well. With a spatula or spoon, the deposited eggs can be easily removed from the container. The eggs are incubated in Petri dishes with a few milliliters of water. The eggs must not be completely covered with water. Shortly before the hatching of the tadpoles, more water can be poured in, as the gelatinous body around the burbot becomes soaked with water, becomes softer and thus allows the animal to slip.
The clutch size is 5-10 eggs hatching after a development time of 10-14 days.
The development time of the tadpoles is about 23-25 degrees warm water at 70-85 days. The individual attitude of the tadpoles is not required. The young can be raised in groups.
2- Adelphobates galactonotus “Red”
courtesy to : saurian.net/frog_d_galactonotus_red.html
The red form of galactonotus is always a popular frog, due in part to the fact that its one of the few red frogs in the hobby. The color is a rich dark red, not a bright apple red. This is the shyest of the galactonotus that I work with, but is not “too” shy in my opinion.
This form of galactonotus seems a bit more reluctant to breed, and as with all my galactonotus, the breeding they do seems to occur with little rhyme or reason. Long periods of inactivity are followed by flurries of breeding, during which eggs are laid every five to seven days, with the typical clutch size being four to eight eggs.
We have three different and unrelated bloodlines on hand, but its difficult to keep bloodlines straight when breeding groups of frogs!
Synonyms :Splashback Dart frog
Temps : Upper seventies to low eighties..
Humidity : High
Terrarium Preferences :
Primarily a terrestrial frog, but climbs extensively, and will utilize low vegetation a good bit.
Up to about 1.75 inches
Visibility in the tank :
Groups of these compatible :
Yes, do well in groups as long as they are not overcrowded. Keep two to a ten gallon, three to four to a twenty tall or five or six to a forty gallon tank.
Experience Level :
Compatible with other species?
Yes, should be ok with other species if not crowded.
Reluctant but explosive breeders. Possibly requires up to 2 years to reach maturity.
Status in Hobby :
Not a common frog, but well established.
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