9- POTAMOGETON CRISPUS (Curled pondweed)
A good choice for the smaller pond, as this plant does not become invasive. It produces long, wiry stems, with wavy-edged, strap-like leaves, that are red in sunlight, but tend to stay green in poorer light conditions. InÂ early summer, small, pinky-white flowers are produced, held just above the water.
10- RANUNCULUS AQUATILIS (Water Crowfoot)
Common Name: Italian Leopard Val
Family Name: Hydrocharitaceae
Native To: Asia
Growth Demands: Easy
Growth Form: Upright
Growth Rate: Fast
True Aquatic: Yes
Placement In Tank: Background
Available As: Bareroot
Vallisneria spiralis 'Leopard' is a larger more vigorous selection of Vallisneria spiralis. The leaves are wider and more robust with faint horizontal stripes or spots through the leaves. This is an excellent aquarium plant for use as a backdrop or to wave in a strong current. Sold in bundles of 10: Price reflects 10 plants.
Common Water Crowfoot
Name also: White Water-buttercup, Water-crowfoot
Family: Buttercup Family – Ranunculaceae
Growing form: Perennial herb. Water plant.
Height: 10–50 cm (4–20 in.). Stem greenish, branched, often rooting, at least. 1.5 mm (0.06 in.) thick.
Flower: Corolla regular (actinomorphic), white and base of petals yellow, usually. 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in.) wide; petals five, 8–9 mm (0.32–0.36 in.) long, sometimes touching. Nectaries at base of petals sickle-shaped–almost round. Sepals 4–5. Stamens usually 15–20. Gynoecium separate, pistils 15–30. Flowers solitary opposite leaves, long-stalked, above water.
Leaves: Alternate, stalked, stipulate. Submerged leaves finely lobed, lobes thread-like, straggly, slack. Often with intermediate leaves. Floating leaf blade roundish–kidney-shaped, 3-lobed, lateral lobes wider than central lobe, with long and tapered teeth. Floating leaves can be lacking. Plants on land are short-stalked, with small blades, and with rigid and fleshy lobes.
Fruit: Hairy when young, glabrous when older, wrinkled surface, sharp-edged, 1.1–1.9 mm (0.044–0.076 in.) long achene, tip with 0.1–0.3 mm (0.004–0.012 in.) long bristle. Achenes often together.
Habitat: Ditches, ponds, ditches, alder swamps. Often also on wet ground.
Flowering time: June–July(–August).
Crowfoots form a clearly distinct group of white-flowered water plants within the large Ranunculus family. This where the clarity ends, however. The conditions of the habitat create many variations in crowfoot’s appearance, multiple chromosomes influence how the plant looks, and these variations, which have different genes, cross-breed – cross-breeding between different species is probably relatively common too. It is often frustratingly difficult even for professional botanists who are familiar with the group to deal with it, never mind amateurs.
There are two variations of common water crowfoot that grow in Finland, both of them only in the south of the country. The usual form in rich ditches and ponds is var. aquatilis, which is large-flowered and usually has floating leaves. The other variation, diffusus prefers cooler, moving water and is usually flowerless with submerged leaves. Common water crowfoot can also grow near water on the land, and they can look quite different from plants that grow in water. Although the differences in the ecology of the different forms are clear, telling them apart from other members of the genus is not always easy. Sometimes there have been attempts to group R. confervoides, which is a small, delicate, floating leafless plant that grows mainly in the clear-watered rivers of northern Finland, in as a variation. Apart from the fact that it is smaller in every way, common water crowfoot is also similar to pond water crowfoot (R. peltatus) and commonly cross-breeds with it. Sometimes even the majority of crowfoots in springs are hybrids. The most reliable differences in crowfoots are found in the flowers – unfortunately, however, submerged forms are often completely flowerless.
11-Vallisneria Spiralis :
Water Depth: 40-100 cm
Potamogeton Luscens, shining Pond Weed. British native oxygenating plant looks like seaweed with shiny olive coloured leaves. Great for colonising newts as they love to lay their eggs folded up in the leaves. Suitable for ponds and small lakes. Flowering Time May. Water Depth 45-100 cm over the crown.
Flowering Time: May
Water Depth: 45-100 cm
Potamogeton perfoliatus is a rhizomatous perennial that is found in temperate freshwater or brackish habitats in still or slow-moving water. The oval, ‘stalk-less’ leaves grow completely submerged, have slightly crispy margins, and a beautiful translucent quality. The common name, Clasped Pondweed, is derived from the perfoliate leaf bases – the basal section of each leaf is wrapped around the main stem of the plant and appears to be ‘clasping’ on. In shallower water, the leaves will be much thicker and darker than those grown in deeper water. During June to September, insignificant flowers are produced above the water’s surface, and these are followed by tiny fruits. Plant up into baskets containing aquatic soil with a top layer of pea gravel to stop the planting medium from clouding the water. To begin with, place no deeper than 30cm (12”) in the pond, in an area that receives a good amount of sunlight. As the plant becomes established, it can be moved further into the pond, up to a maximum depth of 1m (3ft 3”). This plant is a good oxygenator and it will provide welcome shelter for all sorts of aquatic life. It is generally low-maintenance, but it is a fast grower under favourable conditions, and may require periodic thinning out. Propagation is by seed, cuttings, or division of the rhizomes during the spring.
Flowering Time: May-June
Height: 30 cm
Water Depth: 0-60 cm
Water cress. British wild native Submerged plant. Excellent as a natural filter removing excess nitrates out of the water. This process is known as Phyto-filtration. White flowers that held up above the water. Suitable for natural ponds, streams and lakes in full sun or partial shade. Can be invasive. Height 30 cm. Flowering time May-July. Water depth 0-60 cm above the soil/crown.
14-Nasturtian Aquaticum :
15- RORIPPA NASTURTIUM-AQUATICUM (Water Cress)
Buy in 9cm baskets
British Native Water Cress (Rorippa nasturtium aquaticum)
Horizontally rafting stems with underwater leaf that oxygenates the water and surface growing round, green leaf and small white flowers
Height 10cm (4") Flowers May - August
Plant with up to 5cm (2") water over the top of the basket. Suitable for shelf 0
In a new pond, the stocking rate for oxygenating plants should be two bunches/9 cm baskets per m².
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (Water cress) grows along the water surface and should be cut back if it extends the space allotted to it but its vigour will control greenwater and algae. This plant will go to seed in hot weather but cutting back the seed heads should encourage fresh growth. Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum is a good plant for bees, hoverflies and butterflies as pollinators when in flower in Summer
Pond Plants guide
Ponds Plants Types:
Pond Plants guide
Ponds Plants Types: