Tkashi Amano World :
is a photographer, designer andaquarist. His interest in aquaria led him to create the Japanese company Aqua Design Amano.
Amano is the author of Nature Aquarium World (TFH Publications, 1994), a three-book series on aquascaping and freshwater aquarium plants and fish. He has also published the book "Aquarium Plant Paradise" (T.F.H. Publications, 1997).
A species of freshwater shrimp is named the “Amano shrimp” or "Yamato shrimp" (Caridina multidentata; previously Caridina japonica) after him. After discovering this species' ability to eat large quantities of algae, Amano asked a local distributor to special order several thousand of them. They have since become a staple in the freshwater planted aquarium hobby.
He has also developed a line of aquarium components that are known as ADA, and his “Nature Aquarium” article series appears monthly in both Practical Fishkeeping magazine in the UK, and Tropical Fish Hobbyist magazine in the US.
Born18 July 1954
Known forphotographer, aquarist
AwardsFuji Film Nature Photo Contest, Grand Prix, 1992
Above and below Tkashi Amano Books and to the left a DVD explain the Natural Aquariums
What is Natural Aquarium ? :
Natural Aquarium different than normal aquarium .. Natural aquarium come Come with intensive use of plants and not reflected a special biotope focus of plants species, planting techniques and creates epiphytes ( moss grow on Drift wood and roots ) more than fishes and other creatures which less used .
Takashi Amano has written about freshwater aquascaping. He has established a distinctive style of plant layout. He employs Japanese gardening concepts such as Wabi-sabi and Zen rock arrangement. His tank compositions seek to mimic nature in their appearance. Amano also makes extensive use of Glossostigma elatinoides and Riccia fluitans as plant material, and uses shrimp as a means of controlling the growth of algae.
He founded Aqua Design Amano Co., Ltd. in 1982, providing aquatic plant growing equipment. His photo book of what he call the "Nature Aquarium", Glass no Naka no Daishizen, published in 1992, followed by Mizu-Shizen eno kaiki, were translated into 7 languages.
Amano shrimp is an iconic of natural aquarium , required high oxygen ..
Steps to build a Natural Aquarium :
1- 60cm aquarium tank is recommended for making your very first Nature Aquarium.
Make sure your aquarium is level.
2- Install a Cube Cabinet on an adequately strong and stable floor. Make sure it is level by using a level gauge.
3- Garden Mat is designed to absorb distortion of aquarium cabinet. Be sure to use it for enhanced safety.
4-Organic compounds in the substrate are broken down into inorganic compounds, which will eventually be absorbed by aquatic plants through their roots. “Live substrate” means the substrate that is rich in bacteria having a symbiotic relationship with aquatic plant roots.
5-Make a neat and straight substrate line. Avoid the front side from becoming too thick. Adding a slight slope from front to back gives an additional sense of depth to the layout.
6- Making of Nature Aquarium aquascape, which recreates nature within an aquarium, starts with making up the composition. This process is done by placing driftwood and stones to form the overall balance and make the framework of the aquascape. After that, aquatic plants are chosen and planted. Decide your own layout composition and plant the aquatic plants of your choice – Nature Aquarium is to create “your original nature”, which is the only one in the world, in an aquarium.
7- There are three basic patterns of composition for Nature Aquarium: triangular, convex and concave. They are easy to make and good for planted aquarium beginners.
The most difficult of the three basic compositions to achieve good balance. Balance between right and left open space is critical.
The most popular composition for the planted aquarium. Ensure some open space in the center.
Composition with wider open space at either the right or left side. Pay attention to the angle of the driftwood which constitutes the hypotenuse of a triangle.
8-Planting Starts with Foreground Plants To achieve elaborate planting of aquatic plants, adequate preparation prior to planting and the planting technique with Pinsettes are required.
Planting Made Easy with Shallow Water
Planting work will be easier if the water is poured to the level at which the substrate is barely covered with water. Doing this prevents aquatic plants from being buoyant and hands from getting wet.
9-Attaching Willow Moss to Driftwood for Enhanced Natural Feel Willow moss is an essential plant for any aquarium layout that uses driftwood. It is attached to the wood using Moss Cotton. The use of Riccia Line is recommended for attaching less epiphytic plants such as South American moss.
Place a thin layer of willow moss and tie it tightly onto the driftwood using Moss Cotton.
Trim off the protruding willow moss with scissors for a tidy appearance.
10-Prepare Foreground Plants Foreground plants do not require much preparation, but the method of preparation does depend on the species of plant. Choose the foreground plants to be used based on the image and height of each species. Before planting, they should basically be divided into small bunches that are easy to hold with tweezers.
Remove rock wool.
Spread out for convenience in dividing.
Remove rock wool.
10-Basic Planting Method of Aquatic Plants
Pinsettes L is a must for planting of aquatic plants.
Tilt the aquatic plant against the substrate to plant it. Doing this decreases the buoyancy and the plant will not easily float out of the substrate.
Tips of ADA Pinsettes
ADA’s Pinsettes are designed for professional use. With this high-precision tweezers having the tips that meet perfectly, you can even hold small foreground plants securely.
Wabi-Kusa Glossostigma 5Ø
Wabi-Kusa Hemianthus callitrichoides 5Ø
Wabi-Kusa Eleochalis acicularis 5Ø
Planted aquarium made easy with Wabi-kusa - Foreground Plants
11- Planting Mid-Ground PlantsA seamless link between foreground & background plants and concealing of unsightly bottom portion of stem plants – Consider these for mid-ground planting.
Above is the Willow mosses and below is Riccia mosses
Cryptocoryne beckettii var. petchii
Microsorum sp. (Trident)
12-Plant Cryptocoryne species in the mid-ground Mid-ground of aquarium tends to be in the shade of driftwood and others. Choose shade-loving plants such as Cryptocoryne and epiphytic plants.
In many cases, roots protruding from the pot indicate a healthy, strong plant.
Carefully remove the rock wool between the roots with Pinsettes S.
The plant may be divided into around two portions depending on the layout.
13-Attach epiphytic aquatic plants to driftwood to create attractive mid-ground. Epiphytic plants include Microsorum, Bolbitis and Anubias species.
To prepare these plants, place the roots around a small stone and secure them with Wood Tight. Damaged leaves should be cut off from the base of the leaf stem.
Prepare a stone of such size that it can be hidden under the roots.
Cover the stone with the roots and hold them.
Attach the plant firmly to the stone with Wood Tight.
Twist the Wood Tight to fix and cut off the excessive part.
14- Lastly, Planting the Background Plants..Choose the background plants mainly , from stem plants and tape-like plants. The balance of leaf shapes and colors is important.
It is recommended to use a bamboo stick to determine the balance in planting for the stem plants in the back ground.
Rotala macrandra (Green)
Red aquatic plants such as Rotala indica should basically be planted at the focal point of the layout.
Wabi-kusa Stemmed Plants Mix 9Ø
Wabi-kusa Stemmed Plants Mix Red 9Ø
Wabi-kusa Rotala sp. ‘Ceylon’
The height of each stem plant species should be aligned as much as possible during planting.
Align the level of terminal bud of each stem plant.
Cut the bottom of the stem to the intended height.
Hemianthus micranthemoideswith fine narrow leaves should be planted in a cluster of a few stems
Plant the stem plants while tilting them against the planting direction to achieve a dense and neat finish.
15- Completion of Planting and Pouring Water:
Once the planting is completed, gently pour the water over your hand and then into the aquarium tank. At this time, be careful not to hollow the substrate surface. In the event of cloudy aquarium water, pour fresh water while draining the cloudy water.
Removes toxic residual chlorine in tap water.
16- Installation of equipment:
Once the equipment such as lighting system,CO2 system and filter are installed,the setup of the aquarium is completed.
nstall the equipment necessary for growing aquatic plants to complete the aquascape. The Nature Aquarium Goods offer a wide range of equipment that employ all the know-how of ADA.
“Light” and “CO2” are essential for thriving aquatic plants and more natural aquascape.
Aquatic plants grow using photosynthesis. “Light” and “CO2” are essential for plants to perform photosynthesis.
“Light intensity” and “light quality” are requirements for lighting systems. Aquatic plants will not grow well if the light intensity is insufficient. Quality of light is indicated by underwater light penetration and blue light penetrates further in water. ADA’s lighting systems are excellent in both light intensity and quality. On top of it, they also feature an excellent stylish design.
Adequate CO2 supply to the aquarium promotes photosynthesis of aquatic plants and leads to a stable environment with abundant oxygen. To ensure more efficient CO2 supply, we need to know how we should do it. The point is the correct supply time and adjustment of CO2 supply amount. CO2 Advanced System is the optimal equipment for CO2 supply.
“Filter” system is necessary to keep the aquarium water clean :
Aquarium water gets very dirty if it is left untreated. To keep the aquarium water clean, Nature Aquarium filters the water by three different steps of “physical filtration”, “chemical filtration” and “biological filtration”.
NA Carbon or Anthracite
Removes contaminants just like straining through a mesh.
Purifies water by using filter media that absorb visible impurities in water.
Purifies water with the help of bacteria in the filter media.
((Do not add fish to the aquarium yet))
You would feel like adding fish to the aquarium immediately after the planting is done and the equipment have been installed. However, you should swallow the temptation and wait. One of the failures frequently observed among beginner aquarists is adding fish to a newly setup aquarium and ending up seeing it dead. During the first two to three weeks after the setup when the filter system (biological filtration) is not yet fully functioning, the aquarium water may contain ammonia and other substance which can harm the fish. It is advised to add fish to the aquarium only after the aquatic plants firmly take roots and grow lush and healthy. Conduct a water quality check using Pack Checker to make sure that the environment within the aquarium is good for fish.
17- Completion of Planting to Initial Maintenance:
Conduct daily water change and take action against algae for one to two weeks after setup of aquarium.
Ideal to conduct water change everyday:
Water purification by beneficial bacteria cannot be expected in a newly setup aquarium. Therefore, it is necessary to change water to keep the aquarium water clean. Daily water change is crucial.
Removal of diatoms:
The algae observed in the initial stage of the aquarium are mainly diatoms. They are soft and fluffy and in green or dark brown color. They grow on the surfaces of the aquarium glass walls and aquatic plant leaves. Ensure the early detection of diatoms and get rid of them biologically and manually.
Animals effective for algae removal:
It is advisable to add 20-30 Cardina japonica to a 60cm aquarium. Diatoms will quickly disappear.
This fish sucks glass and leaf surface and eat the algae. Add about 3-5 Otocinclus to a 60cm aquarium.
18- Water change procedures effective for algae removal
Scraping off of algae with Pro Razor
Firstly, scrape off algae on the glass, driftwood and stones with an appropriate tool.
Suctioning out algae and dirt with a hose
Suction out with a hose the removed algae, filamentous green algae and accumulated dirt on the substrate surface.
Removing residual chlorine
Remove harmful residual chlorine in tap water by adding Chlor-Off to the water before pouring it into the aquarium.
Pouring water into aquarium
Pour the water in the pail gently into the aquarium. Now, the water change process is completed.
19- Nutrients necessary in the initial stage of aquarium
Food for microorganisms
Green Brighty STEP1
Promotes production of
Enhances leaf color and
of aquatic plants
20-Trimming for Completion of Aquascape:
Aquatic plants become denser by trimming.Repeated trimming is important.
First trimming: 1-2 weeks after setup
Trimming Scissors (Curve type):
What makes these scissors special?
The value of scissors is determined by their blade edge. The trimming tool of Nature Aquarium Goods adopts double-layer high-hardness tungsten steel for its blade edge to ensure outstanding sharpness.
Willow moss taking root
Moss Cotton gradually biodegrades when the willow moss starts taking root to the driftwood.
12 drops of Green Gain
Add about 12 drops of Green Gain after trimming. New leaves will start growing in about
21- About 3-4 weeks after setup:
Adjustment of CO2 supply rate
Now that the aquatic plants are growing vigorously and the total volume of plants has increased, the CO2 supply is adjusted to “3 bubbles per second”.
ECA for enhanced red color
The leaf color of aquatic plants can be enhanced by adding iron-rich ECA to the aquarium. It is effective especially for red aquatic plants.
22- Repeat trimming to make aquatic plants grow denser.
About 5-7 weeks after setup
Suctioning out filamentous algae
Filamentous algae grow as stem plants become lush. They will multiply rapidly if left untreated. If you find algae in your tank, remove them quickly with a hose and brush.
Initial trimming position should be low
Plant density increases by gradually shifting the trimming position higher up the plant. The initial trimming position should be the lower part of the plant.
5 weeks from setup
6 weeks from setup
23- Add Fish to Aquarium :
Once aquatic plants have grown healthily and water quality has become stable, it is finally the time to add fish to the aquarium.
Before adding fish, measure the water quality with Pack Checker to be certain. If the Pack Checker does not detect any nitrite, you may add fish to the aquarium. Enjoy thinking what species of fish can match your original aquascape which is only one in the world. It would be a great pleasure to see the fish of your choice perfectly matches the aquascape. However, you should keep in mind that some species of fish cannot be introduced to Nature Aquarium which uses a lot of aquatic plants. Be careful not to add the fish which feed on aquatic plants.
Water quality check
Closely observe the aquarium condition before adding fish to the aquarium. Ammonia is usually detected in newly setup aquarium and as ammonia declines, nitrite will be detectable. Nitrite is harmful to aquatic life. It is advised to add fish to your aquarium only after you measure the nitrite level with Pack Checker. Make sure that no nitrite is detected in the aquarium water.
Adding fish to an aquarium
Do not simply open the plastic bag and put the fish in the tank together with the water in the bag. It may impose a shock on the fishes. Firstly, put the plastic bag containing the fish in the aquarium water and let it float unopened for about 15-30 minutes to allow the temperatures to adjust. Then, slowly add the aquarium water into the plastic bag to eliminate the difference in water quality. Now, it is ready for the fishes to be added into your aquarium.
Pack Checker NO2
For daily feeding:
Leftover food caused by overfeeding can deteriorate the aquarium water quality. You should feed the fish with an amount that the fishes can consume in 10-30 seconds.
ADA’s Fish Food series has been developed in pursuit of creating artificial plankton. It contains the nutrients richer than natural plankton and suits the taste of fish.
24-Completed Aquascape (8 weeks after setup):
A layout based on a triangular composition,consisting of a driftwood framework with stem plants in the background
Water change: 1/3 water change once a week
Water quality: Water temperature 25℃ pH:6.8 TH:20mg/L
For More Information :
More Photos for Natural Aquaiums :
Making of “Forests Underwater by Takashi Amano”( The World Largest Natural Aquarium ) :
It is a 40m in length containing 160t, a supermassive tank at unprecedented scale. The challenge is to create the world’s largest Nature Aquarium within one week. For the success of this unprecedented try, the scrupulous advance planning and preparation were critical. At the same time, of course it required the many staff involved to function as roles of individuals in the team under Amano’s leadership.
A dream comes true. It’s always easy to say but the bigger the dream is, the harder it is to achieve. However, Takashi Amano and his staff have delivered the huge dream. How was the Nature Aquarium created in the uniquely-shaped supermassive 40m tank? It was the attempt to create nature that human beings should be proud of.
Tkashi Amano meet with Lisbone Aquarium Headquarters in 2013
Lisbone public Aquarium , First opened in 1998
A minature model for the bigest Natural aquarium ..
It is a dream of Nature Aquarium.
The aquarium with arranged plants to enjoy its beauty is generally called the planted aquarium. Nature Aquarium is a part of planted aquariums in a broad sense; however, it has unique philosophy and maintenance approach. They are based on the fundamental concept, “learning from nature”. Now, what is it to learn from nature? That is to learn the beauty of nature and to incorporate the aesthetic expression into a layout. It is like to clip the beautiful piece among endless beautiful landscapes existing in nature by building a composition with stones and driftwood and arranging plants in a tank to represent a beautiful aquascape.
The environment in Nature Aquarium is supported in the small ecosystem formed by plants, fish and microorganisms while interacting each other. Nature Aquarium is like a microcosm of nature, and that is why we can see lively swimming fish in their true colors. Creating Nature Aquarium to build an aquascape where the fish confuse with natural environment and to recreate a natural ecosystem in full scale is simply one of the great ambitions. In May 2013, Takashi Amano, the aquascaper having such huge dream, received an invitation form Oceanário de Lisboa in Portugal. That was the beginning of this lifetime Nature Aquarium project.
The main obstacle will be is a four columns for the building structure which will inside the aquarium !
A meetings helds in Japan to Plan , design and manage the huge prject ..
The aquarium structure is build of 40 meters long and 600 square meters area
Installing the drift wood
Tkashi Amano supervise and inspect everthing by himself all ADA staff join this project
Putting the soil .. Also a lot of people enjoy and join this project as a voulnteers
Instaling plants on roots and care of several types of mosses need pateince and hard work .. the big scale of the work with limited time put pressure on all staff
Adding water .. the deadline is March 2015 ..
In April 2015 The project is finished ..
Tkashi Amano with staff and volunteers finish the project successfully and win the challenge